Any stimulus that increases the frequency of a

Info icon This preview shows pages 8–11. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
any stimulus that increases the frequency of a behavior
Image of page 8

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
PRIMARY REINFORCER stimulus whose reinforcing value is unlearned SECONDARY REINFORCER stimulus whose reinforcing value is learned through its association with primary reinforcers EXTRINSIC REINFORCER a reinforcer provided by someone or something else INTRINSIC REINFORCER a reinforcer provided by the individual who is reinforced OVERJUSTIFICATION EFFECT when the use of extrinsic rewards decreases a person ± s intrinsic reinforcement for doing something
Image of page 9
POSITIVE REINFORCER increases the frequency of behavior by following it with a reward NEGATIVE REINFORCER increases the frequency of behavior by ending an unpleasant event PUNISHMENT an unpleasant event that decreases the frequency of a behavior Psychologists prefer reinforcement over punishment because . . . • reinforcement provides clearer information about desired behavior • reinforcement provides more enduring cooperation (vs. short-term compliance • reinforcement has more positive emotional effects
Image of page 10

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 11
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern