Canadas ability to regulate all three forms of

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Canada’s ability to regulate all three forms of pollution has been deeply depen- dent on its relationship with the US - point of impingement - Canada-US Air Quality Agreement of 1991 and the Ozone Annex of 2000, both of which were important examples of bilateral cooperation that never really lived up to their regulatory promise - Canadian Ambient Air Quality Standards is an example of the federal gov using aspirational targets and base level industrial emissions reductions to address at- mospheric pollution problems in Canada Readings Chapter 14, 17, and 19 (VanN) “How to shape a ‘just’ future for both proponents and critics of Canada’s pipelines” OpenCanada.org Unit 11 A Renewable Resource? The Politics of Water Resource Governance in Canada Unit Notes - responsibility for regulating water quality and availability rests with the provinces, but federal govs play an important role in conducting environmental impact as- sessments, approving energy and resource projects, regulating inter-provincial trade, supporting environmental research and negotiating international trans- boundary agreements The Great Lakes - challenge of adapting and keeping up with the various social, economic, and envi- ronmental pressures resulting form urbanization, industrialization of agricultural practices and our geographical proximity to the US - eutrophication of Lake Erie due to overloading of nitrogen and phosphates, - introduction of invasive species, declining water levels in Lake Michigan and Huron, and proposed water diversions throughout the Great Lakes ecosystems - British North American Act of 1867 vested significant jurisdiction in the hands of the provinces, a principle of Canadian federalism that continues to this day - Boundary Waters Treaty of 1909 which resulted int he creation of the International Joint Commission, a multilevel governance on both sides of the Canada-US border - Rachel Carson - Great Lakes Water Quality Act signed by the US and Canada - Areas of Concern which requires remedial action plans RAPs for critical ecosys- tem relations to fish populations, wildlife habitat and human health - Mike Harris
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Readings Chapter 3, 15, and 16 (VanN) “Headwaters: Reduced federal oversight leaves a critical resource exposed” Globe and Mail Unit 12 Summary and Review Unit Notes Readings Chapter 11 (Dryzek)
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