Davis and moores theory on stratification focuses on

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Davis and Moore’s theory on stratification focuses on: How does the system of inequality help maintain social order? Main Question: Why do different positions carry different degrees of prestige or rewards?
Structural Functionalist Perspective : Davis-Moore Thesis
Davis and Moore’s theory on stratification: Major assumptions: No society is classless or unstratified There is inequality or different rewards for different jobs in every society There is a general consensus in society about which jobs are more desirable and prestigious Certain jobs must be done in every society Societies have limited (scarce) resources Structural Functionalist Perspective : Davis-Moore Thesis Davis and Moore argue that stratification is functional (beneficial for society) for the following reasons: Society must make certain that its positions are filled Some positions are more important than others The more important positions must be filled by the more qualified people To motivate the more qualified people to fill these positions, society must offer them greater rewards
Because some workers are much less replaceable than others, rewards will be different Structural Functionalist Perspective : Davis-Moore Thesis Potential Criticisms: Assumes no discrimination and perfect social mobility (complete meritocracy) … Ignores how individual talent is influenced by one’s starting place in the class system Assumes that the creation of the rules of society ALWAYS are created for the good of the whole Places too much emphasis upon material rewards as a motivation to excel. Assumes that income/reward actually is a function of that position’s contribution to society, which is highly subjective Ignores cultural valuation of occupations based on things other than contribution (Ignores other reasons for high reward for a profession) Social Conflict Perspective : Marxist Theory Classical grand theory attempts to explain the historical development of capitalism, its workings, and the course of its (expected) transformation to communism. He based his critique of capitalism on a set of assumptions about human potential, which he called species being . All societies that had existed historically — and especially capitalist societies — had slowed or constrained the exercise of full human potential. Social Conflict Perspective : Marxist Theory
Species being : Marx’s assumption that the unique thing about being human is that we create our world. Every species is unique and defined by the way it exists as a biological organism … how it survives and adapts to its environment. Humans exist and survive through creative production. Human consciousness, then, is created as people see the humanity in the world that has been economically produced.

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