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2.Argued that nonslaveholding whites indirectly suffered most from slavery. 3.Published in the North but could not be published in the South 4.Impact a.Negligible among its targeted audience: poor southern whitesb.Used by Republicans as propaganda in 1859 campaign.c.Southerners infuriated that Northerners would use the book against them.i.Provoked secessionist sentiment in Southii.Within two years, 15 novels were written in response by proslaverywriters IX. "Bleeding Kansas"A. New England Emigrant Aid Company o1. Sent 2,000 men into Kansas to stop slavery from spreading there.o2. Many came armed with breach loading rifles ("Beecher’s Bibles") B. Southerners were furious that the North betrayed the spirit of the Kansas-Nebraska Act oThe law implied that Kansas would become slave & Nebraska free.oArmed Southerners came into Kansas to resist Northerners
oIronically, only 2 slaves lived in Kansas in 1860 C. 1855, election was held in Kansas for its first territorial legislatureo1. Proslavery "border ruffians" from Missouri poured into Kansas: "vote early andvote often!"o2. Southerners won the election and created a puppet government oFree-soilers ignored the bogus election and created its own gov't in Topeka.D. 1856, a proslavery gang attacked and burned part of the free-soil town of Lawrence, Kansas. E. The caning of Charles Sumner (May 22, 1856) 1.Sumner, an abolitionist Senator from Massachusetts, gave an inflammatory speech— "Crime Against Kansas"—where he condemned pro-slave southerners and insulted one of its senators 2.South Carolina Congressman Preston Brooks retaliated by savagely beating Sumner with an 11-oz gold-headed cane. 3.House of Representatives didn't have the votes to expel Brooks but he resigned anyway and was unanimously reelected by South Carolina to the Senate. 4.The beating demonstrated the hatred brewing in Congress between the North & South F. Pottawatomie Massacre , May 24-25, 1856oJohn Brown & sons slaughtered 5 men in revenge for the ttack on Lawrence (and the caning of Sumner)oBrown an extreme abolitionist; saw himself as doing God's work.oBrown escaped justiceoA mini-civil war began in Kansas 1856 that continued through the U.S. Civil War.
G. Lecompton Constitution (1857).1.Kansas applied for statehood based on popular sovereignty. 2.Southerners in control drafted a pro-slavery constitution a.People voted for the constitution with or with or without slavery. b.If people voted ―no‖ on slavery, rights of slaveholders currently in Kansas would be protected nonetheless 3.Free-soilers again refused to vote for a southern-dominated constitution 4.Slave supporters approved the constitution with slavery late in 1857. 5.President Buchanan supported the Lecompton Constitution 6.Senator Douglas led the opposition to Kansas' constitution 7.Compromise: Lecompton Constitution sent back to Kansas for another vote but pro-slavery Kansas rejected the proposal 4. Result: Free-soilers were victorious; Kansas denied statehood until 1861 (after the South seceded) when it entered as a free state H. Kansas issue shattered the Democratic Party