104members of the criminal justice systemexpressing particular concern because of afinding of no responsibility by a campusinvestigation could be used as a defense in acriminal prosecution.Further, these two investigatoryand adjudicative functions have differentgoals. The campus is determining whetherthere has been a violation of campus policy,while the criminal justice system isdetermining whether there has been aviolation of the law.And the punishments are alsodifferent. A finding of responsibility for acampus related sexual assault could lead toan expulsion at worst, while a criminalconviction can lead to jail or prison time,probation,potentiallysexoffenderregistration, and the collateral consequenceson education, employment, housing, and otherissues that accompany such an outcome.SARTs report varying degrees ofNEAL R. GROSSCOURT REPORTERS AND TRANSCRIBERS1323 RHODE ISLAND AVE., N.W.(202) 234-4433WASHINGTON, D.C. 20005-370111234567891011121314151617181920212223456
105success working with campuses. In somecases, there is a close collaboration in thedevelopment of protocol and sometimes thereis an arms-length interaction or nointeraction at all. It is unfortunate whenthe latter scenario occurs because themembers of a SART are often the best resourceof training and support for a college campus.A SART has representatives from lawenforcement, advocacy, prosecution, medical,social services, and other professionalbodies. All of these professionals have theknowledge base to train campus personnelresponsible for carrying out the new VAWAregulations that are also known as the CampusSAFE Act.And these are all the localprofessionals campus officials need to befamiliar with, in the event a sexual assaulton campus becomes the subject of a criminalprosecution or requires medical attentionincluding forensic exams, or even additionalNEAL R. GROSSCOURT REPORTERS AND TRANSCRIBERS1323 RHODE ISLAND AVE., N.W.(202) 234-4433WASHINGTON, D.C. 20005-370111234567891011121314151617181920212223456
106confidential support from an independentadvocacy program.So what can be done to help eachentity, the SART, and the campus see oneanother as an ally and not an enemy, or atleast some sort of barrier. There is reallyno need for an adversarial relationship.Both entities are trying to get at offenderaccountability and justice for victims. Hereis one idea.Becauseannualtrainingforanyone involved in the response procedurewill be required under VAWA, the new VAWAcampusregulationscouldpromotecollaboration with local SARTs if they existin the campus jurisdiction, not only as ameans of identifying possible trainers, butalso as a way to further the skills of thecampus officials tasked with investigatingand adjudicating sexual assault allegations.