The Facilitation or kind of group model states that the normative structure of

The facilitation or kind of group model states that

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The Facilitation or “kind of group” model states that the normative structure of a gang, coupled with group processes and dynamics, facilitate delinquency among youth. In other words, delinquent behavior is facilitated (or reinforced) because each of
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its members are engaged in the same kind of delinquent activities. According to this model, delinquency will increase as long as someone is a gang member, but will be lower before membership and after someone leaves a gang. The enhancement model is a combination of the Selection and Facilitation models. Youths who are already involved in delinquency are more likely to join a gang. This comes from the Selection model. After they have joined, their delinquency is likely to increase significantly, as suggested by the Facilitation model. Next slide. Slide 10 Gangs and Gang Delinquency, continued Several reasons for joining a gang have been identified by Martin Jankowski including: Material incentives : being a member of a gang increases opportunities to make money; Gangs can be sources of recreation . They provide entertainment and opportunities to meet girls; Gangs can also provide refuge or camouflage . Thus, a gang member can be anonymous; and Gangs also provide physical protection from other gangs. Adolescents often resist or reject their parents’ lifestyles as part of their identity development. Gang membership is one way youths can demonstrate their resistance or rejection as they mature. Finally, because of the territorial nature of gangs, gang membership can provide opportunities to demonstrate a form of patriotism and dedication to protecting one’s neighborhood. Next slide. Slide 11 Gangs and Gang The motivations for joining a gang seem to vary according to sex. Males join gangs primarily for excitement, to have a
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Delinquency, continued territory of their own, to make money, and for protection. They also join to achieve a sense of belonging to a group. Girls join gangs primarily for social reasons. As we’ve seen, females tend to be much more relationship-oriented than males. Gangs can provide opportunities for females to associate with other females. Girls are also motivated to join gangs to enhance their reputation and for protection. Next slide. Slide 12 Gangs and Gang Delinquency, continued A common myth that persists today states, “once a gang member, always a gang member.” Some members remain in gangs well into middle adulthood, but most drift in and out of gangs over the years. Some go to prison; some die from gang violence or drug abuse. Others, however, leave the gang lifestyle and get legitimate jobs, marry and have children, and lead productive lives. Still, leaving a gang can carry some risk. For example, once a gang member has announced his decision to leave the gang, it is not uncommon for them to be subjected to physical punishment, known as a “beating out” ceremony, by other gang members.
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