The italian report highlighted that it may happen

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The Italian report highlighted that it may happen that the shortness of the period spent in prison does not permit the child to be inserted in a school class and that sometimes the compulsory education can not be organized, as it should be, by the Department of Education. The Portuguese report underline (citing the 2002 CPT report) that many young detainees were excluded from the school programs because the classes were full and that there weren’t enough educational activities for the minors. Both the Greek report and the Portugu ese report stated that staff isn’t specially trained to deal with young prisoners, that the buildings are not designed for young persons (for example the prison for juveniles and young adults of Avlona was previously a military prison) and that also the prison regime is not adapted to the needs of the minors. Unfortunately also in juvenile prisons, as in adult prisons, there can be episodes of intimidation, abuse and violence by the staff. As highlighted by the UK report, an inspection report on Ashfield, a privately run YIO, defined it as a “hotbed of violence and abuse”, where bones were broken, levels of self -harm soared and children were routinely subjected to invasive strip-searches. So embedded was this culture of control by physical force that such dangerous practices had become normal to the young inmates and to the staff. Another report in another juvenile prison shows high and endemic levels of violence with on average two fights or assaults every day. Some of these were classed by the Inspectorate as ‘very serious’ and involved groups of young people in ‘very violent, pre -meditated attacks on a single individual with a risk of very serious injury’. The inspectors found that children lived in fear of gang violence with little confidence that staff could keep them safe. This atmosphere of violence and chaos was exacerbated, the Inspectorate reported, by staff using batons to hit or threaten the young inmates, against the prison’s own rules, and using solitary confinement to punish children unlawfully. The Portuguese report, similarly, highlighted episodes of brutality in one “school prison” at Leiria (housing prisoners 16 21 years old, who often end up staying there up to their 25th birthday) such as dogs used to intimidate children forced to line up naked, and a program that keeps them locked in their cells 22 hours a day without any activities for the first few months. INTIMIDATION, ABUSES, VIOLENCE
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European Prison Observatory Prison in Europe: overview and trends 52 The serious economic crisis of the last few years has impacted mainly on the more disadvantaged social categories. Prisoners and their families are among the most affected by the crisis, owing to the increasing instability. Let us examine the many facets of the situation.
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