intestines (Hammer & McPhee, 2014). Both IBD and IBS create abdominal pain or discomfort and frequent diarrhea. Crohn’s disease is also different from ulcerative colitis in that it can produce symptoms outside the GI tract. Crohn’s can cause inflammation in the joints while ulcerative colitis is restricted to the mucosa of the colon and rectum (Hammer & McPhee, 2014). Treatments Since there is no cure for IBD or IBS, treatment is focused on remission on symptoms for both. Conservative treatment options are available for IBS and can include dietary modifications and medications. Common medications include laxatives and fiber, antidiarrheals,
antispasmodics, visceral analgesics, and low-dose antidepressants (Huether & McCance, 2017). Anti-inflammatory drugs and corticosteroids are often used to treat IBD to reduce the inflammation that occurs. Anti-inflammatory drugs are not used in IBS. Nutrition and fluid and electrolyte maintenance is often needed for both (Huether & McCance, 2017). Factor (Genetics) Familial clustering of IBS has been produced from several studies that suggest that it is an inherited gastrointestinal alteration. One study examined the role of heritability in IBS projected that one-third of patients had a relative with IBS, even in patients without a concurrent psychiatric diagnosis (Gazouli et al., 2016). G ut microbiota similarities in twins both concordant and discordant for IBD have been shown in several studies, also suggesting that genetics can influence the gut microbiota that contributes to the development of both CD and UC (Imhann et al., 2018).
You've reached the end of your free preview.
Want to read all 4 pages?
- Summer '18
- Gastroenterology, Irritable bowel syndrome, Ulcerative colitis, Inflammatory bowel disease, Crohn's disease