Evaluative including moral statements cant be verified like that and hence are

Evaluative including moral statements cant be

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Evaluative (including moral) statements can’t be verified like that, and hence are meaningless 9 Appiah: Taste vs. Value Taste: I like and want this car, and don’t expect the rest of the world to like and want it I want it Value: I don’t think I should torture innocents, and I don’t think anyone else should either I want no torture, and I want that everyone wants no torture 10 Verification Principle Collapses Due to Self-Contradiction Facts, tested against empirical observations, are rational, criticizable Values – not so tested, are meaningless, or just reduce to I want this, you want that, not rational, not criticizable But, verification principle itself expresses an (epistemic) value – one ought to adopt the verification principle! Is the verification principle itself verifiable by empirical observation? No! It is a value, but values are meaningless and arbitrary Contradiction 11 Another Way Strong Cultural Relativism is Self-Contradictory Strong cultural relativism says: Values are wholly relative to the group, and thus no one ought to criticize the values of another group Self-contradiction “Our Fredonian culture values criticizing, even destroying other cultures, and you cultural relativists must tolerate our intolerance!” To answer, the cultural relativist would have to criticize the intolerant values of Fredonia, But she forbids everyone, including herself, from criticizing the culture of Fredonia or any other group 12
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10/21/19 4 Clicker Exercise 1 Suppose that you agree or disagree with this claim New York City is further north than Los Angeles Whatever your position, if someone else were to disagree with your position A. Is it possible that each of you could be right? B. Or must one of you be mistaken? 13 Clicker Exercise 2 Suppose that you agree or disagree with this claim Hitting someone just because you feel like it is morally wrong Whatever your position, if someone else were to disagree with your position A. Is it possible that each of you could be right? B. Or must one of you be mistaken? 14 Clicker Exercise 3 Suppose that you agree or disagree with this claim Classical music is better than rock music Whatever your position, if someone else were to disagree with your position A. Is it possible that each of you could be right? B. Or must one of you be mistaken? 15 Are People Moral Objectivists? (one of you must be mistaken) Beebe and Sackris (2010 ) Factual claims 0.60 Ethical claims 0.47 Taste claims 0.15 Next slides: NOT about one’s agreement or disagreement, but About one’s attribution of the objectivity of the claim 16
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10/21/19 5 Objectivity of Factual, Ethical, Taste Claims 17 Factual Claims 1. Frequent exercise usually helps people to lose weight.
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