34. What is the Whorf-sapir hypothesis?
A) Language has the ability to guide how we, as humans, experience the world around us. B) Internal thought is only possible once one has developed a firm understanding of language. C) Thought and language are actually the same but that thought is internalized language. D) There is an intimate relationship between language and numerical concepts. Correct! The Whorf-sapir hypothesis is that language has the ability to influence how we perceive and experience the world. 35. Which of the following most likely represents the language capabilities of a 21-month old infant? Incorrect. The use of rhythm and inflection similar to that used in conversation is a part of babbling, which is occurs before the infant’s vocabulary develops. 36. Which of the following best exemplifies the productivity criterion of language? In language, things and ideas, concrete or abstract, are represented by different sounds or signs that can be understood without the presence of what is being referred to. Correct! Productivity refers to the productive nature of language; almost endless combinations can be created based on a small subset of information. 37. Which of the following characteristics can accurately be applied to the Waggle dance?
Hide FeedbackIncorrect. Although the waggle dance is rule governed, it is not productive because it is limited in what it can communicate. 38. Which of the following is an example of an underextension? A) Abdul has had his pet dog, named Fritz, since he was very young. When a boy at school brings his dog in for show and tell, Abdul calls his dog Fritz. Not surprisingly, the dog does not react in the same manner as Abdul’s dog. B) C) Jamie was given a spoon to eat her soup, while her brother was given a fork to eat his salad. Jamie now believes she always eats with a spoon while her brother always eats with a fork, regardless of what cutlery they actually use. D) While at daycare, Elisabeth is participating in a painting activity. Believing that her painting is the best that day, she refers to her painting as art, and everyone else’s as finger-paint. Patrick is not aware of the difference between toads and frogs, and notices a frog jumping alongside a stream. When he mistakenly calls it a toad, his father
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