Incomplete or faulty or people refuse to accept the

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incomplete or faulty, or people refuse to accept the rights and duties associated with hierarchicalstatuses, there is a breakdown of social interaction and disorder follows. Society resists breakdown by using methods like embarrassment and shame to restore the social equilibrium. Role strain: a result of role conflict, when the demands of some roles conflict with the demands of others. Role conflict: this occurs when a person has to satisfy the demands of two or more incompatible or contradictory roles, such that playing one role necessarily undermines the other (ex. Friend and good student). Role-making: the process of creating new social roles in and through interaction. Reducing role strain:(i) Prioritizing: (ii) Master status: making one role more important than all others; extreme prioritizing. (iii) Compartmentalization: keeping your groups separate (family and work then won’t interfere with each other). Changing Roles and identities (Ebaugh)Our personal identities are based on the roles we play and the social scripts we follow. Therefore, changing roles means changing identities, and if difficult. The transition from one role to the other involves a few steps:(i) doubt.(ii) seeking alternatives. (iii) turning points. (iv) creating the “ex”-role. Changing roles and identities means leaving old communities and entering new ones.
SOC103H1 - 16Sociology of Secrecy – Georg Simmel (1906)There are two worlds through which people exist:(i) first world: the recognized world of socially acceptable activities. (ii) second world: hidden deviate activity. Secrecy and lack of secrecy can be harmful.White lies: our relationships can benefit more from concealment than from openness. Secret society definition:(i) a concern by the members of a group to protect the ideas, activities, and sentiments to which they attach positive value. (ii) Members defend the secrecy and privacy of their community by controlling the distribution of information about the valued elements. Dyads, Triads, and Small GroupsGeorg Simmel defines socially as being composed of two elements(i) Content: the purpose of motive of an action or interaction (ex. What you argue about)(ii) form: the mode of interaction among individuals through which the specific content achieves social reality (ex. Who you argue it with, two vs. three people will change the form). Voluntarism: a social psychological approach that argues that our social behavior is a clear reflect of our goals, values and interactions, and that our identities shape our interaction. Sociologists believe that our social behavour often has little to do with our true goals, values, and intentions. A study on social forms (Robert Bales): Group cooperation lead to the formation of three different forms:Task leader: organized the group to solve the problem.Emotional leader: help the group cope with frustration. Joker: helped release tensions in the group.The fulfillment of roles happens without planning or even a conscious awareness of group needs. Symbolic interactionism perspective

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