Responses to crisis- history, theology, philosophy Notes

O taken prisoner for a while released in 1941 worked

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o Taken prisoner for a while released in 1941 Worked for an underground newspaper o Comes to the same conclusion that Heidinger came to; too unstable, need a larger structure to support things o Going to go to the left o Give his allegiance to Marxism o 1950s joins up with the communist party for a while Felt that the communists stood up for the lower class, working class o 1956 another disillusionment Revolt in Hungary with the communists o Need some kind of material foundation if you’re going to have freedom Need some kind of anchor and security Within which freedom can operate Similar to Woolf o Writing and literature doesn’t make a difference anymore; we need to act o His version of existentialism reaches a dead end o Political activism on the left Albert Camus, 1913-1960 o Poor family in Algeria o Father died when he was young o Hard worker, French educational system o Winds up in France o Anti-communist o Mainly known for his stories and novels o Parallels Sartre o The Stranger , 1942 o The Plague , 1947 Allegory for the French occupation and resistance What happens to ordinary life
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Traces the different reactions to the plague How people reacted to the German occupation Ends on a positive note See the good that people were doing even in the situation of adversity o The myth of Sisyphus, 1940 Condemned to push a rock up a hill Two religious existentialists Existentialism is powerful in religious thought, theology too Paul Tillich (1886-1955) o German, Lutheran o Sheltered environment o Old enough to fight in WW1—exposed to the full destructiveness of the trenches Exposed to the battle of Verdun Receives the Iron Cross for preaching under fire o Old values have crumbled and need a new beginning in Protestantism o Reflects the influence of Heidiger o Teaches o First to leave in 1933 for the US—widely respected o Because we are contingent, finite beings we can only get a glimpse of God o Notion of faith—reinterprets it Not simply a belief in the unseen What we are ultimately concerned about What the things mean most to us What we tell that we are most concerned about is what we are willing to take risks for Uses this notion to redefine religion and idolatry Example of idolatrists faith Sees Christ as a symbol Does not free us from doubt—faith and doubt are intertwined Not just an individual quest but happens in community (churches and so forth come in) Martin Buber (1878-1965) o Grows up in an eastern European Jewish community o Jewish mysticism o Winds up in Germany teaching in the 20s o Ends up in Israel where he spends the rest of his life o I and Thou , 1923 Takes all of this and puts it in terms of relationships
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In the beginning was relation I thou vs. I it Commitment to total engagement God is the eternal thou Existentialism as a Humanism , Sartre (11/5) Existence before essence Two types (atheistic existentialism) Notion that people usually have of God Paper cutter Essence precedes its existence Not the way people are God is a creator Designs the universe including us
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