The change stage involves changing thoughts, feeling, behavior, or all three (Petiprin, 2016). The refreezing stage is establishing the change as the new habit, making it standard operating procedure (Petiprin, 2016). Lewin's theory states behavior as "a dynamic balance of forces working in opposing directions,” (Current Nursing, 2011). Leadership Styles:Clinical leadership focuses first on the patient’s needs, ensuring that quality patient care is achieved. Clinical leadership is the foundation for attaining and maintaining a safe
and productive environment (Hamric, 2013). To be an effective leader, an APN should be able to collaborate with colleagues, be able to recognize situations in which mentoring would be beneficial. In Transformational leadership the leader and follower become fused, creating unity, wholeness and a collective purpose (Hamric, 2013). Transformational leadership leads to changes in values, attitudes and perceptions and behaviors. Situational leadership is the interaction between an individual's leadership style and the features of the environment or situation in which he or she is operating (Hamric, 2013). Nursing Leadership Styles: Democratic style of leadership enhances the participation of employees in the decision making the procedure of an organization. The final decision is made by the leader, who collects all the information, feedback, and ideas from all the staff members before finalizing the decision (Top Nursing, 2017). Democratic leadership style in nursing is effective in that employees feel as if they their input is valued. Transformational leadership style is based on the encouragement of the employees to give their best at work and motivation to be positive while performing various tasks instead of being negative, all for a common mission and vision (Top Nursing, 2017). Authoritarian leadership is the one in which the leader decides everything, give orders and directives to all the team members (Top Nursing, 2017). The manager supervises every staff member and their input is not considered while making decisions. In coaching leadership, leader concentrates on the development of people. They work to make the team members understand their strengths and weaknesses, set targets for development and help them achieve goals (Top Nursing, 2017).
In Transactional Leadership the leaders give rewards or punishments to the employees respective of the way in which they complete the tasks (Top Nursing, 2017). Transactional leadership concentrates on the importance of supervision, leadership, organization and performance of the group. In Laissez-faire leadership employees are encouraged to undertake a hands-off approach and are allowed to work in a way that they like to, without any kind of supervision or guidance of the nurse managers. Only minimum directions are provided by the leaders and it permits the workers to handle various tasks on their own (Top Nursing, 2017).
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- Fall '17
- Advanced practice nurse, nursing practice, advanced practice nursing, APRN Consensus Model, Hamric