Exhibit what appears to be disorganized behavior but

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exhibit what appears to be disorganized behavior, but this may just be an alternative identity acting in a way that the primary identity would not normally act. People with dissociative identity disorder also report “amnesia”—missing large chunks of their day. DIF: Difficult OBJ: 13.3d | 13.4d MSC: Applying NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology | APA Goal 2, Scientific Inquiry and Critical Thinking | APA Goal 4, Communication 12. Kumari is known for lacking empathy, easily manipulating others without remorse, and being deceitful. a. Describe how personality disorders are abnormal (how do these people differ from people who do not have personality disorders)? b. If Kumari has antisocial personality disorder, what other characteristics would you expect him to display? Give two specific examples. c. If Kumari was a psychopath, how would he be different from someone with antisocial personality disorder? Give three specific examples. d. Why might it be difficult to alter the behavior of people with antisocial personality disorder (or psychopaths)? What biological factors that contribute to the etiology of antisocial personality disorder make it difficult for them to function normally in society? ANS: Answers may include: a. Personality disorders represent long-lasting patterns of maladaptive and inflexible ways of interacting with the world. These people typically have more trouble than a normally functioning person in work and social situations. b. If Kumari has antisocial personality disorder, he may also be unable to delay gratification, and highly focused on pleasure, he may be irresponsible, superficially charming, and rational, but insincere, unsocial, and incapable of love. c. If Kumari is a psychopath, he may act in a more extreme way than someone with antisocial personality disorder. He may be glib, have a grandiose sense of self-worth, shallow affect, great cunning, and be hard-hearted; he may be more likely to perform criminal acts and is motivated by gaining something (money, sex, drugs, etc.). d. People with antisocial personality disorder lack empathy and do not respond to punishment because they do not see it as aversive, thus, is it hard to get them to understand the consequences of their behavior on others and to be motivated to change their behavior. This reduced psychophysiological response makes it difficult for people with antisocial personality disorder to function within the rules and regulations of society. DIF: Moderate OBJ: 13.4c MSC: Applying NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology | APA Goal 2, Scientific Inquiry and Critical Thinking | APA Goal 4, Communication
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13. Angelique walks into a local hospital looking confused and acting as though she does not know who she is. Doctors admit her to the hospital for evaluation because she is covered in cuts and bruises. A few days later, after watching the news, Angelique remembers who she is and asks for help moving away from her abusive husband.
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