Mallicoat Crime and Criminal Justice 2e SAGE Publications Inc 2020 46 Structure

Mallicoat crime and criminal justice 2e sage

This preview shows page 45 - 54 out of 81 pages.

Mallicoat, Crime and Criminal Justice, 2e . © SAGE Publications, Inc. 2020.
Image of page 45
46 Structure of the Courts: The State Court System The State Court System: State Appellate Courts Appellate level is divided into intermediate courts of appeals and court of last resort for majority of states Appeals by right--involve cases where appellate court must hear Majority involve appeals by right cases Appeals by permission--involve reviews of lower decisions that the court may choose to accept Generally involved in the courts of last resort Mallicoat, Crime and Criminal Justice, 2e . © SAGE Publications, Inc. 2020.
Image of page 46
47 Structure of the Courts: The State Court System The State Court System: State Appellate Courts Criminal cases make up majority of all cases heard in both intermediate courts of appeals and courts of last resort Will also hear cases where the death penalty was imposed Will also hear cases where they hold original jurisdiction Mallicoat, Crime and Criminal Justice, 2e . © SAGE Publications, Inc. 2020.
Image of page 47
48 Courtroom Participants and Their Duties: Introduction Introduction: Several players in a courtroom who work together to hear cases and make decisions Courtroom workgroup is made up of the judge, the prosecutor, and the defense attorney These three individual make up the primary members of the group Mallicoat, Crime and Criminal Justice, 2e . © SAGE Publications, Inc. 2020.
Image of page 48
49 Courtroom Participants and Their Duties: Ancillary Members Ancillary Members: Three members Bailiff--provides security for the courtroom, escorts the defendant in and out of the courtroom, and provides assistance to members of the jury. Clerk of the court--manages all of the paperwork for the courtroom and works closely with the judge Court reporter--prepares the transcript of the trial and other official hearings Mallicoat, Crime and Criminal Justice, 2e . © SAGE Publications, Inc. 2020.
Image of page 49
50 Courtroom Participants and Their Duties: Judges Judges: Presides over the courtroom Primary decision maker Makes decisions by applying the law Decides whether probable cause exists in a case Mallicoat, Crime and Criminal Justice, 2e . © SAGE Publications, Inc. 2020.
Image of page 50
51 Courtroom Participants and Their Duties: Judges Judges: Determines bail for accused Determines rules on pretrial motions Ensure that the rights of the defendant are upheld Provides instructions to jury and answers questions about the law Determines guilty or not guilty and hands down sentence in absence of jury Mallicoat, Crime and Criminal Justice, 2e . © SAGE Publications, Inc. 2020.
Image of page 51
52 Courtroom Participants and Their Duties: Prosecutors Prosecutors: Tasked with bringing the case to the court Represent the state in criminal cases Generally, the lead prosecutor is an elected official Considers the needs of many individuals when determining how to proceed in a case Mallicoat, Crime and Criminal Justice, 2e . © SAGE Publications, Inc. 2020.
Image of page 52
53 Courtroom Participants and Their Duties: Defense Attorneys Defense Attorneys: Represent those who have been accused of a crime Sixth Amendment--states that persons who have
Image of page 53
Image of page 54

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 81 pages?

  • Fall '15
  • Enrique Chavez
  • criminal law, Supreme Court of the United States, Trial court

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture