Pneumothorax: According to Dains et al. (2016), pneumothorax is life-threatening, patient reports sharp or tearing chest pain that can radiate to the ipsilateral shoulder. Sudden onset of shortness of breath is also associated with pneumothorax. Examining the relationship of the client’s cough to the symptoms of pain can help to differentiate a pneumothorax caused by coughing verses a cough that came after the pain began. As this client is not aware of which came first, a diagnosis of pneumothorax should be included. The trachea is midline. A pneumothorax may cause a deviation (Ball, Dains, Flynn, Solomon & Stewart, 2015). References Ball, J. W., Dains, J. E., Flynn, J. A., Solomon, B. S., & Stewart, R. W. (2015). Seidel's guide to physical examination(8th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Elsevier Mosby. Dains, J. E., Baumann, L. C., & Scheibel, P. (2016). Advanced health assessment and clinical diagnosis in primary care(5th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Elsevier Mosby.
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