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The Civil War was now underway. On April 15, Lincoln called for 75,000volunteers to join the Northern army. Unwilling to contribute troops, Virginia, Arkansas, North Carolina, and Tennessee dissolved their ties to the federal government. 13. Seven Days BattleSeven Day’s Battles (June 25-July 1, 1862) oRobert E. Lee took command of Confederate army in Virginiaob. After an unsuccessful battle, McClellan withdrew and later retreated completelyoRepresented Robert E. Lee’s first of many victories over the Union. 14. Preliminary Emancipation Proclamation In July 1862, President Lincoln read his "preliminary proclamation" to his Cabinet, then decided to wait for a Union military victory to issue it. On September 22, 1862, following the victory at Antietam, he signed the preliminary Emancipation Proclamation, formally alerting the Confederacy of his intention to free all persons held as slaves within the rebellious states. One hundred days later, with the Confederacy still in full rebellion, President Abraham Lincoln issued the final Emancipation Proclamation.
Antietam (September 17, 1862): perhaps the most important battle of the war. oLee invaded Maryland hoping to take it from the Union and encourage foreign intervention on behalf of the Confederacy.oAntietam was the bloodiest day of the war (23,000 casualties)Ended in a stalemate; Lee withdrew having failed his objective.McClellan should have destroyed Lee’s army with his numerical advantage but he let him slip away.Lincoln thus removed McClellan from command for the second time and replaced him with Gen. Ambrose BurnsideoConsidered a major turning point in the war oSouth was never again so near victoryoForeign powers decided not to intervene in support of the South whose military capacity was now questioned in the face of a unexpectedly powerful Northern army.oLincoln got the "victory" he needed to issue the preliminaryEmancipation Proclamation on Sept. 22, 1862.Hitherto, he had not issued the proclamation because the war was going poorly and issuing the document without a military victory would have made it impotent. 15. 2ndBull Rull (Manassas)The War in the Eastern Theater: 1862A. The Peninsula Campaign (April 5-June 16, 1862) 1.McClellan abandoned a direct frontal assault on Richmond by land for a flanking approach to Richmond by moving up the peninsula between James & York Rivers. After a month's fighting, the campaign appeared to be working as McClellan pushed within a few miles of Richmond.
2.Seven Day’s Battles (June 25-July 1, 1862) Robert E. Lee took command of Confederate army in Virginia After an unsuccessful battle, McClellan withdrew and later retreated completelyRepresented Robert E. Lee’s first of many victories over the Union.