were that the priest must be circumcised. Many priests also wouldn’t wear wool or any animal products because itwas seen as unclean. PRIESTS also would bathe 3 to 4 times a day in scared pools, and shave of all of their bodyhair. Although Pharaohs were seen as gods themselves, in Egyptian societies priests are a stand in for Pharaohs orsuccessor to the throne if anything were to ever happen to the Pharaoh Although many affiliate priests with the Roman Catholic Church, over time there have been many divisions in thechurch which have lead to numerous Protestant and orthodox churches. Although some are “in communion with thepope” they can be considered separate religions due to minor differences in beliefs. These churches in many casesstill have priests or priestesses due to their catholic roots, examples of these are certain Protestant, Anglican andEpiscopalian, and Orthodox churches. The first division of Christianity was between the East and the West in 1054 dueto a rivalry between Rome and Constantinople . The Eastern Orthodox churches only recognize the canons of theseven ecumenical councils as binding for faith, and rejected doctrines that were later added in the West. The nextmajor division of the church was in the early 16th century when many began to question the power of the CatholicChurch. During that time the Protestant Reformation occurred and the Lutheran and Anglican churches wereformed. Even though these churches are separate from the Catholic Church many continue to have priests, and in
some cases allow for women priestesses.Some of the most widely practiced rituals of Catholicism are:•Baptism - The first sacrament of Christian initiation, the basis for all the other sacraments. Baptism is the "for theforgiveness of sins” usually performed "in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit". Baptism isperformed at infancy in Catholicism to wash away original sin, whereas other Christians believe that a person shouldchoose to get baptized when they want to claim Christianity as their own faith and can understand the implications.Young men and women who belong to the Catholic Church must go through a confirmation process usually duringtheir 16th or 17th year prior to confirmation as a full member into the church.•Penance - (also called Confession and Reconciliation)- The first of the two sacraments of healing. It is also calledthe sacrament of conversion, of forgiveness, and of absolution. The first reconciliation of a Catholic must take placebefore receiving the Eucharist. To purely receive the body and blood of Christ one must be free of mortal sin.•Eucharist - The third sacrament of Christian initiation by which the faithful receive their ultimate "daily bread", alsoknown as first communion if issued for the first time. Participants partaking of bread and sacramental wine tosymbolize the body and the blood as spoken of in the last supper. Catholics, differing from other Christians, believethat the Eucharist received during communion is, not solely symbolic but, the actual blood and body of Christ.