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Describe variability in physical attractiveness across cultures Explain forms of sexual interest across culturesLoveDescribe the main theories of loveoLove- special attitude with strong emotional and behavioral componentsoMeans different things to different peopleVery difficult to measureoConcepts we form about love based on Models of relationships we observeConversations and experiences with others Culture and religion MediaoLove not equal lust oUnderstand the different components of Stemberg’s triangular theory of love There are 3 love componentsPassion oBuilds then fades Intimacy Commitment (decision)Variations in components yield different kinds of love oIntimacy alone= friendshipoPassion alone= infatuation oCommitment alone= empty love Patterns and degrees of components often change over time within the same relationship oWhich one are more enduring? Which ones have short duration?Passionate love “romantic” love or infatuation Intense psychological arousal Short-livedCompanionate love Less intense than passionate loveFriendly affection and deep attachment More enduring than passionate love oWhich type of kind of love is the hardest to achieve?Consummate love is hardest to achieve “perfect couple”Passion Short duration builds then fades Intimacy
Increase over time and more enduring Commitment Increase over time Friendship- intimacy alone Infatuation- passion aloneEmpty live- intimacy + passion Companionate love- intimacy + commitment Fatuous love- passion + commitmentConsummate love- intimacy+ commitment+ passion Understand Lee’s style of loveoEros (romantic)Love of beauty Powerful physical pull oMania (obsessive/ possessive)Obsessive relationship Dependency and jealousy Roller coaster loveoLudus (game-playing)Playful love Casual carefree, often carelessNothing serious oAgape (altruistic)Brotherly loveself-sacrificing love Patient understanding giving (altruistic) chaste No expectation of reciprocation oPragma (pragmatic)Realistic and sensible Business likeoStorge (companionate)Trust and respect Peaceful No”fever” or turmoil Natural affection oAre these individual styles or relationship styles?oAre these stable styles?Identify different ways love can shape sexual expression in personal relationship Understand jealousy in relationships and gender differencesoJealousy-prone personLow self-esteem High value on wealth and popularity oNegative consequences Precipitates partner violence Stifles relationship development
Raises anxiety depression anger oGender differences Women- when their rival are thought to be more attractive looking than they are they get jealous. Female show their jealousy and they will let theirpartner know about it. They get upset at the fact that their partner has a strong emotional connection with another person, not when they have sex with another person