live births in 2015 Estonia and Singapore are clear leaders in this category

Live births in 2015 estonia and singapore are clear

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live births in 2015. Estonia and Singapore are clear leaders in this category with infant mortality rates of 2.1 and 2.3 per 1,000 live births, respectively, in 2015. Chart 2.8 shows that maternal mortality was exceedingly high in Trinidad and Tobago at 62 and 63 per 100,000 live births in 2000 and 2015, respectively. 16 Estonia was the only country with a maternal mortality rate that was less than 10, while Singapore and New Zealand had rates of 10 and 11, respectively. In general, the maternal mortality rates in Malaysia, Costa Rica and Bahrain, while not as high as those of Trinidad and Tobago, were also at relatively high levels. 16 Since 2016, Trinidad and Tobago has made significant strides in reducing maternal mortality. CHART 2.7: INFANT MORTALITY, 2000 AND 2015 Source: The World Bank, World Development Indicators CHART 2.8: MATERNAL MORTALITY RATIO, 2000 AND 2015 (PER 100,000 L.B.) Source: The World Bank, World Development Indicators 21-22 V I S I O N 2 0 3 0 N AT I O N A L D E V E L O P M E N T S T R AT E GY 2 0 1 6 - 2 0 3 0 Reviewing Performance and Looking to the Future
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SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY In today’s globalised world, a country’s prosperity depends on its ability to gen- erate new ideas and convert knowledge into socio-economic benefits. Technology enhances these capabilities and, in this regard, the ability to create and adopt technology is increasingly essential for firms to compete and prosper. As such, this section shows the extent to which the selected countries have been able to develop a greater share of technological-related exports. Table 2.2 shows high technology exports as a per- centage of total exports. High-technology exports are defined as products with high Research and Development (R&D) intensity, such as those in aerospace, computers, pharmaceuticals, scientific instruments and electrical machinery. The data clearly shows that over the review period, Trinidad and Tobago and Bahrain have exported an insig- nificant amount of high technology products as a percentage of their total manufacturing exports. In 2000, at least 50 percent of the manufacturing exports of Costa Rica, Malaysia and Singapore were high technology exports. However, in 2015, the share of high technology exports as a per- centage of manufacturing exports for Costa Rica, Malaysia and Singapore declined to 16.8, 42.8 and 49.3 percent, respectively. Table 2.3 show exports ICT goods and services as a percentage of total goods and total services exports. In terms of exports of ICT goods and services, Trin- idad and Tobago’s performance in both of these areas has been fairly low. In 2000, at least 50 per- cent of goods exported by Singapore and Malaysia were ICT goods. However, this amount declined to at least 28 percent in 2013. In terms of ICT services exports, Malaysia had the largest share with 38.5 percent of total services exports. This amount was almost twice the share of the next best comparator, Singapore. However, in 2015, Malaysia’s share of ICT services in total services exports declined to 23.7 percent and was overtaken by Costa Rica, whose share grew from 8.9 percent in 2000 to 45.1 percent in 2015. The Table shows, that with the exception of
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