Found that zone of transition had highest crime rate

Info icon This preview shows pages 2–5. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
FOUND THAT ZONE OF TRANSITION HAD HIGHEST CRIME RATE FOUND THAT ZONE OF TRANSITION HAD HIGHEST RATE OVER A NUMBER OF YEARS FOUND THIS TO BE TRUE REGARDLESS OF ETHNIC GROUP THAT MOVED IN THEREFORE, EARLY RESEARCH ESTABLISHED RELATIONSHIPS AMONG NEIGHBORHOOD LEVEL VARIABLES OF POVERTY, ETHNIC DIVERSITY AND RESIDENTIAL MOBILITY AND CRIME HOWEVER, THERE ARE PROBLEMS WITH THESE EARLY RESEARCH THE PROBLEMS: THE CONCEPT: WHAT IS SOCIAL DISORGANIZATION?
Image of page 2

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
DID NOT MEASURE INTERVENING VARIABLES MEASURE OF NEIGHBORHOOD MULTICOLLINEARITY CONTIGUOUS NEIGHBORHOODS STATIC VERSUS DYNAMIC ANALYSIS THE CONCEPT: WHAT IS SOCIAL DISORGANIZATION? WHAT IS SOCIAL DISORGANIZATION? PREVIOUS STUDIES HAVE USED HOUSES WITH PROSTITUTION AND HOMICIDE TO MEASURE SOCIAL DISORGANIZATION BUT SOCIAL DISORGANIZATION IS SAID TO PREDICT PROSTITUTION AND HOMICIDE THEREFORE, THIS IS TAUTOLOGICAL: CIRCULAR REASONING THIS REASONING DOES NOT PROVIDE US WITH ANY INFORMATION AND THEREFORE RESEARCHERS SHOULD FIGURE OUT HOW TO MEASURE THE CONCEPT OF SOCIAL DISORGANIZATION DID NOT MEASURE INTERVENING VARIABLES EX: RESIDENTAL MOBILITY LEAD TO CRIME THROUGH INFORMAL SOCIAL CONTROL THAT IS, RESIDENTIAL MOBILITY LEADS TO WEAK INFORMAL SOCIAL CONTROL, AND THEN CRIME EX: POVERTY LEAD TO CRIME THROUGH WEAK SOCIAL TIES THAT IS, POVERTY WEAKENS SOCIAL TIES, THEN CRIME OCCURS EX: LOW SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS LEADS TO CRIME THROUGH LACK OF SUPERVISION (LOW SES LEADS TO UNSUPERVISED TEENAGERS AND THEN CRIME OTHER MEASURES OF SOCIAL DISORGANIZATION? LOW SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS ETHNIC HETEROGENENITY RESIDENTIAL MOBILITY FAMILY DISRUPTION URBANIZATION CAN YOU THINK OF ANY OTHER MEASURES OF SOCIAL DISORGANIZATION? What is a neighborhood? The census uses tracts—artificial boundary lines, but are these tracts representative of a neighborhood? For example, neighbors living across the street from each can be classified in different tracts. MULTICOLLINEARITY RACE IS STRONGLY RELATED TO ECONOMIC STATUS DUE TO INEQUALITY, SEGREGATION, AND DISCRIMINATION ANOTHER, POVERTY AND UNEMPLOYMENT WHY DOES THIS MATTER? WHY DO THIS MATTER? IT IS DIFFICULT TO DETERMINE THE UNIQUE EFFECT OF A VARIABLE WHEN VARIABLES ARE STRONGLY ASSOCIATED
Image of page 3
MULTICOLLINEARITY: WHEN THE CORRELATION BETWEEN VARIABLES ARE VERY HIGH (.70 AND ABOVE) CONTIGUOUS NEIGHBORHOODS Close neighborhood/social ties Research have found mixed results on the effects of close ties on neighborhood crime rates Therefore, the problem is INCONSISTENT FINDINGS NEW RESEARCH IS NEEDED TO DETERMINE WHY THESE INCONSITENT FINDINGS EXIST STATIC VERSUS DYNAMIC ANALYSIS COMMUNITIES ARE NOT STATIC—THEY CHANGE OVER TIME THEREFORE, RESEARCHER SHOULD STUDY THE DYNAMICS (the change, progress, and movement) OF NEIGHBORHOODS For example, how does gentrification (when wealth move in and the poor move out) affect crime?
Image of page 4

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 5
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern