often times re-admitted several times? Stacey Whitney MSN, RN cell: 417-437-8961 email: [email protected] God is love. Whoever lives in love lives in God and God in them. 1 John 4:16 Reply | Quote & Reply | Report Abuse Oct 14, 2015 12:21 PM 0 Like
Melissa Marsh 6 posts Re:Topic 1 DQ 1 Using the health belief model, how can nurses encourage patients to make immediate and permanent behavior changes; particularly as they relate to lifestyle choices? Self-management of health and or conditions is a singular goal when educating patients and families for treatment outside of the hospital. In order to educate a patient, family or community, it is essential to identify health literacy as well as health disparities specific to the patient or target audience. Using the Health Belief Model, nurses can effectively predict and explain health behaviors (specifically lifestyle choices) that can contribute to diseases (Heady, 2014). A patient-centered approach allows for a specific and unique education action plan that will promote self-management for immediate and long term behavior changes. Regardless of the illness or condition, understanding the patient’s perspective of the illness or condition is essential, as well as the patient’s goal of health or a healthy lifestyle. Education alone is not effective. Nurses need to promote the individual’s desire to or willingness to change the behavior(s) that affect the health of the patient. It is essential to develop a plan that the patient believes is consistent with their own beliefs, values, and lifestyle. If the client helps to develop a plan with the nurse, the client will be more satisfied and able to comply with the necessary changes that are needed. Together, the nurse and patient can identify actions that the patient can take when applying them at home. Assessing the patient’s health literacy will enhance the patients understanding of the education provided. Constructing a plan that is easy to understand from the patent’s perspective is essential. Applying learning methods that enable the patient to understand the material will be patient specific. For example, a patient may best learn by demonstrating a specific action better than reading the material. Also, understanding the social influences that affect the patient is crucial. If the patient is a minor, what are the families’ ideas on health, or how do they contribute to the illness, are they able to manage the illness at home, and do they understand the disease process as well? What are the cultural factors and/or beliefs that contribute to the minor’s illness? This patient’s health has a direct link to the family’s understanding as well as their health perceptions and health disparities. Can this patient’s family provide for them, afford the healthcare costs, and have transportation? How will this affect their school, work and social environment and relationships? School aged children are often faced with the added stress from their peers. How will their friends’ behavior affect the patient’s willingness to change?
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- Spring '19
- Nursing, Health care provider, Health Belief Model, Mandle