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10. Gustation and olfaction respond to which type of stimuli?a.Gustation: sense of tasteb.Olfaction: our sense of smell, “most dispensable” senses11. Recognize the categories of taste.a.Sweet, sour, salty, and bitter. Umami(“savory” or “meaty”)12. How does aging impact vision, hearing, and taste?a.As we age the number of taste buds decrease, sensitivity to smell also decreases, vision decreases. Chapter 6
13. How do researchers determine if animals and toddlers are capable of self-awareness?a.They base this information on their ability to be aware of their reflections and recognize themselves. 14. Which brain structure is responsible for raising and lowering the thresholds of conscious awareness?a.Cerebral cortex, thalamus, and reticular formation of brain stem15.How do abrupt changes in daily schedules impact rates of automobile accidents?a.16. How does artificial lighting affect sleep?a.It breaks down the hormone melatonin which is released only at night17. What is the difference between a coma, persistent vegetative state, and brain death?18. Which neurotransmitter does nicotine mimic?a.Acetylcholine19. Which drug is involved in the majority of suicides?a.Opioids20. How does hypnosis affect memory?a.Doesn’t improve memory performanceChapter 721. Know how leptin and fat are related.a.Leptin is secreted by fat cells22. What are the gender differences (in percentages) among individuals with eating disorders?23. What is the difference between anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervous?24. What argument did I present, in lecture, against evolutionary psychology’s perspective that promiscuity is the best reproductive strategy for men?a.Propagate