Notes that attempts to characterize cultures of

This preview shows page 2 - 4 out of 4 pages.

Notes that “attempts to characterize cultures of individuals in terms of such broad cultural dichotomies may be overly simplistic” Views of the self in all cultures appear to incorporate both independent and interdependent self-construals, and self-concepts in all cultures vary somewhat across social contexts Oyserman, Coon & Kemmelmeier 2002a) A meta-analysis of a dozen of studies suggests even more caution in generalizing about cultural differences in individualism and collectivism Found that although European Americans tended to be somewhat more individualistic and less collectivist than those from some other cultures, but the effect sizes proved to be small and qualified by important exceptions. Cultural Differences in Self-Enhancement - Self-enhancement is the tendency to describe ones present oneself using positive or socially valued attributes
Image of page 2

Subscribe to view the full document.

Downloaded for free at 3 Page | 3 Tendency toward self-enhancement tend to be stable over time Many studies have documented that North Americans tend to maintain a generally positive evaluation of themselves Only one study showed that the self-concepts of American adults contain more than four times as many positive attributes as negative ones Psychologist have advanced an explanation for these cultural differences in self- enhancement » One is that the Asians are engaging in impression management – deep in their hearts, perhaps they truly evaluate themselves positively, but to express these views in public would damage their reputations Do Cultures have Distinct Personality Profiles? - Robert McCrae and 79 colleagues from around the world studied the personality profiles of 51 cultures, using 12,156 participants The largest difference they found across cultures centered around Extraversion Americans and Europeans scored higher than Asians and Africans Personality Variations Within Culture - Another dimension of transmitted culture pertains to within-culture variations , although these have not received the same degree of attention as cross-cultural variations Within-culture variations can arise from several sources, including differences in growing up in variations can arise from several sources, including differences in growing
Image of page 3
Image of page 4

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Get FREE access by uploading your study materials

Upload your study materials now and get free access to over 25 million documents.

Upload now for FREE access Or pay now for instant access
Christopher Reinemann
"Before using Course Hero my grade was at 78%. By the end of the semester my grade was at 90%. I could not have done it without all the class material I found."
— Christopher R., University of Rhode Island '15, Course Hero Intern

Ask a question for free

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern