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Michigan state university became a leader in area

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Michigan State University became a leader in area studies as indicated by the numerous interdisciplinary programs housed in the International Center on Shaw 3. Welfare state As the welfare state expanded in Europe and the U.S., the government required more information to assist in policy and procedure preparation. Government hired more professionals to do research in its own agencies and provided more funding for external research. Macro-economic planning received particular attention. By the 1950s, anthropology, economics, political science, sociology, and psychology had become well-established academic disciplines. Some social science professions had become professionalized: social welfare, urban and regional planning, management and business, and education. 4. The 1970s to present Resources for social science research and teaching declined in the U.S. and Europe. While considerable social science research is still funded by government agencies today, it requires persuasive justification. U.S. Federal agency research is often in dire financial straits. 8
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Power, Authority, and Exchange – ISS 225 Intro. Social Science There appeared to be a decline in public respect for social science research, probably because social science research did not deliver clear, easily implemented, and politically persuasive solutions to notable problems. Social science solutions to problems such as racial segregation were often unpopular. Too, some social science research seemed strange and worthless to the lay person. Discipline boundaries weakened and it became less clear what the special role of each social science was. For example anthropologists were doing cultural research in large cities (once the domain of sociologists). Once, it was easy to classify the social sciences by: Did they study the "civilized world" or the "primitive world?" Did they study the past or the preset? Did they study the market, the state, or civil society? IV. Characteristics, Problems, and Trends in Social Science A. Employment As funding for the social sciences declined, academic employment in social sciences has become more problematic. However, there has been a particular increase and need for social science trained individuals in the applied social sciences and policy sciences. B. Public Acceptance While most Americans feel that they know little about chemistry or biology, almost every American feels that she "knows a lot" about politics, business and economics, individual and social problems. While the public tends to defer to natural scientists, they trust their intuition and core beliefs when dealing with the social sciences so that there is less respect for the social scientist. C. Controversial Questions Social science deals with a variety of difficult and contentious problems. In addition, most people intuitively feel strongly about how these problems should be solved and see little need for social science research. Examples might include: Are certain races genetically inferior?
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