Subroutines and functions parameters aka arguments Debugging interactive source

Subroutines and functions parameters aka arguments

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Subroutines and functionsparameters (aka arguments)Debugginginteractive source-level debuggingRelevant Programming Concepts from CS 100Wednesday, June 18, 2014
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CS 200 Spring 2014Excel ScriptingThings We Still Need to Talk About To Do The Assignment“Objects” in Excel — how to name objects on a spreadsheet& the Object Browser, which documents them“Named Parameters” in ExcelExcel’s debuggerConveniently triggering macro executionCell referencesin worksheetsin macros24Wednesday, June 18, 2014
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CS 200 Spring 2014Excel ScriptingThe Assignment For This Week25Given the raw data, duplicate the functionality of this spreadsheetWednesday, June 18, 2014
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CS 200 Spring 2014Excel Scripting“Objects” in Excel MacrosJust about everything you see in a workbook is an “object”There is a natural hierarchy to objectsYou can have multiple instancesof everything except the ApplicationThese are Excel’s “application data objects”(remember the Model pearl?)A “module” is for holding macros (aka “scripts”)think of it as a documentcontaining multiple macro definitionsin the VBE: Insert > Module and typeor ... a module is created automaticallywhen you record a macro26ApplicationWorkbookWorksheetRangeRangeChartModuleCellCellCellSee Chapter 5 of The Microsoft Excel Visual Basic User’s Guideon “Working with Objects in Visual Basic” (pp 65–84),which is reprinted in the course notes, for more on objects in Excel.Wednesday, June 18, 2014
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CS 200 Spring 2014Excel ScriptingObjectsObjects have “properties” like “Color,” “Value,” “Font”that you can read or set in macros sometimes a property is just a value (eg 2)sometimes a property is another objectObjects have “methods” like “ClearContents,” “Sort,” “Worksheets”that cause something to be done to or with the objecta “method” is just another kind of built-in function or subroutinethat does something to or with the object it’s attached tomethods often have “parameters” (aka “arguments”)— information they need— just like built-in Excel functionseg C4, ForEx, and 2 in VLOOKUP( C4, ForEx, 2 )“Member” is programmer-speak for both properties and methodsAll objects of a particular kind are a “class” of objects27Wednesday, June 18, 2014
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CS 200 Spring 2014Excel ScriptingReferring to an object or propertyReferring to an object or propertyEG: Application.Worksheets("Visa") _.Range("Stmt").Font.Name = "Helvetica"HereApplication is an objectWorksheets() is a method (that returns a Worksheet object)Range() is a method (that returns a Range object)Font is a property (whose value is a Font object)Name is a property (a string)The () surround a method’s parameters — information the method needs to do its thing.
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