S h i s t o r y f l a s h r e v i e w 19142001 the

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S.HISTORYFLASHREVIEW1914–2001 The CCC provided employment during the Great Depression, including projects in refor estation, flood control, and draining swamp lands. President Franklin Roosevelt created this agen cy to provide sanitary and low-cost housing for the poor during the Great Depression. The second stage beginning in 1935 of Franklin Roosevelt’s plan to pull the nation out of the Depression, this included the Social Security Act. [ 298 ]
tory_03_255-406.indd 29912/21/12 12:3PARTIII 1914–2001 SOCIAL SECURITY ACT OF 1935 WORkS PROgRESS ADMInISTRATIOn (WPA) REVEnUE ACT [ 299 ]
tory_03_255-406.indd 30012/21/12 12:3AP*U.S.HISTORYFLASHREVIEW1914–2001 Created a federal insurance program funded by taxes from employees’ wages. Workers would receive money from this fund as a monthly pension when they reached the age of 65. These funds would also go to the un employed, disabled, and unwed or widowed mothers with dependent children. New Deal agency created in 1935 to create jobs by hiring men to work on bridges, roads, and buildings. Almost 9 million men were hired. This 1935 act absorbed up to 75% of incomes over $5 million and also levied high taxes on large gifts, inheritances, and capital gains— hence its nickname, ”the soak the rich tax.” [ 300 ]
tory_03_255-406.indd 30112/21/12 12:3PARTIII 1914–2001 gOOD nEIgHBOR POLICY FATHER COUgHLIn FASCISM [ 301 ]
tory_03_255-406.indd 30212/21/12 12:3AP*U.S.HISTORYFLASHREVIEW1914–2001 FDR’s Latin American policy, which refuted the first Roosevelt Corollary: The United States will not intervene in the domestic affairs of Latin America, instead serving as a reciprocal part ner in trade and strategic alliances. Catholic priest who was one of the loudest op ponents of the New Deal. His radio program was canceled in 1942 when it became too radical. An authoritarian nationalist political ideology. Fascism preaches that a nation or civilization is superior and unites the people around a totalitarian state that purges dissenting ideas. Germany’s Nazi Party, Benito Mussolini in Italy, and Spain’s Francisco Franco were fascists who came to power during the 1920s and 1930s. [ 302 ]
tory_03_255-406.indd 30312/21/12 12:3PARTIII 1914–2001 HITLER-STALIn nOnAggRESSIOn PACT nAZI PARTY gERMAn InVASIOn OF POLAnD [ 303 ]
tory_03_255-406.indd 30412/21/12 12:3AP*U.S.HISTORYFLASHREVIEW1914–2001 A 1939 pact between Hitler and Stalin that allowed Germany to attack Poland without Russian retaliation.

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