Most sexually active people will contract HPV but may never know itHIV/AIDSHuman immunodeficiency virusTransmitted by infected blood, semen, vaginal secretions in contact with broken skin or mucous membranesWomen are more likely to contract via high-risk heterosexual contact (~86% of all women who contract and vs ~12% of men)Incubation time varies greatly (3-6 months after initial infection to show and result)oFor HIV-positive adults who receive no medical treatment, AIDS will develop in 8-10 yearsoOpportunistic infections are characteristic of the diseaseIncubation time varies greatly (3-6 months after initial infection to show and result)oFor HIV-positive adults who receive no medical treatment, AIDS will develop in 8-10 yearsoOpportunistic infections are characteristic of the diseasePossible Warning Signs of HIVoRapid weight loss (wasting syndrome)oDry coughoRecurring fever or profuse night sweatsoProfound and unexplained fatigueoSwollen lymph glands in the arm pits, groin, or neckoDiarrhea lasting more than 1 weekoWhite spots on tongue, in mouth or throatoPneumoniaoMemory loss, depressionAIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome) oAn AIDS diagnosis occurs when a person has a dangerously low CD4 count (below 200 cells per cubic milliliter of blood) or contracts one or more opportunistic infections (e.g., Kaposi’s sarcoma, TB, cervical cancer, or pneumonia)Prevention of HIV transmissionoAbstinence or mutual monogamyoUse latex condoms for protectionoNo needle sharingoAvoid high-risk sex (with prostitutes or injection drug users or unprotected with infected individuals) 5
11.What groups are disproportionately affected by STIs, including HIV (hint: see lecture slides & fig. 13.11 on p. 418)? See the graphs in your lecture slides (e.g., women have higher rates
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- Fall '08
- Human Sexuality, Sexual intercourse, Human sexual behavior, Common