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Doc international court of justice limun xxix 14

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International Court of Justice LIMUN XXIX 14 Topic II Request for Interpretation of the Judgement of 15 June 1962 in the case concerning the Temple of Preah Vihear (Cambodia v. Thailand) [Contentious Case] On April 28, 2011 the Kingdom of Cambodia filed an application to the court requesting a clarification of the ICJ judgment on the Temple of Preah Vihear in 1962. Wary of the preservation of the Preah Vihear Temple, Cambodia points out that the shots fired across the border from Thailand in April of 2009 has significantly damaged the Temple. In February of 2011 there was another clash between the troops of Thailand and Cambodia which led to fatalities and more damage to the Temple. The fighting across the border has also led to the displacement of citizens who reside near the Temple. Afraid of further damage to the Temple of Preah Vihear, Cambodia seeks judgment over the sovereignty of the area surrounding the Temple to prevent further destruction. Although Cambodia has not crossed into territory that is under the sovereignty of Thailand, the Thailand has crossed the border multiple times causing harm to Cambodian territory. There have also been multiple occurrences where Thai spies have crossed the border into Cambodia. Cambodia would support any solution to demilitarize the area because it would help preserve Preah Vihear, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. As a World Heritage site, it is important to protect and preserve the Temple, a sacred building that is important to the culture and tradition of Cambodia. Thailand’s ability to easily access the Temple of Preah Vihear threatens Cambodia’s sovereignty there. Cambodia has not attacked Thailand for the spies sent across the border; however Cambodia believes that if the land surrounding the Temple of Preah Vihear is ruled as under the sovereignty of Cambodia, then Cambodia would not be constantly threatened by the troops in Thailand. The 1962 ICJ ruling on the Temple of Preah Vihear stated that due to Thailand’s negligence of earlier claims, Cambodia was granted sovereignty of Preah Vihear. Although Thailand claims that the land surrounding the Temple is under their sovereignty, it is unclear. Cambodia and Thailand would like the ICJ to determine whose land is surrounding the Temple of Preah Vihear. Attached: 1. Memorial of Cambodia 2. Memorial of Thailand
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International Court of Justice LIMUN XXIX 15 MEMORIAL OF THE KINGDOM OF CAMBODIA COMES NOW the Kingdom of Cambodia and for their Memorial to the Court states the following: STATEMENT OF FACT: The Kingdom of Cambodia (Cambodia) and The Kingdom of Thailand (Thailand) have previously appeared before the International Court of Justice regarding the territorial sovereignty over the Temple of Preah Vihear. The Court passed judgment over the case on the 15th of June of 1962, where the Court found the temple to be within Cambodian territory. Thailand’s actions directly subsequent to the Judgment illustrates Thai refusal to comply: Thai protest over the decision of the Court: unilateral action on “creating” a border: and placing miles of barbed wire to enforce said border. Cambodia clearly voiced its protests around such bellicose actions in
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