hold different moral values of an action, both can be right. An action may be right for one person or society and the same action taken in the same way may be wrong for another reason, and yet, both peoples are equally correct.
The Problem of ethical Relativism and Situation Ethics Approaches to Moral Differences Approaches of Moral Differences There is no Moral truth There is No Universal Truth Deep down, we can find Basic Moral Truth There is One Universal Moral Truth
• There is no Moral Truth There is no ultimate right or wrong. Moral views differ from one person to another. This results to a subjective morality, in which case, what is good for one person may be bad for another. • There is no Universal Truth Each culture has its own set of rules that are valid for that culture, and we have not right to interfere, just as they have no right to interfere with our rules. This ethical paradigm maintains that they are moral truths that exist but these truths are relative and dependent on cultures and beliefs of people
• Deep down, we can Find Basic Moral Truth Despite differences, people of difference cultures can still agree on a certain moral basics. There are some common ground on basic moral principles. This is call “Soft Universalism” • There is One Universal Moral truth This views is also known as hard universalism or moral absolutism. This moral paradigm maintains that there is only one universal moral code that everybody must follow. Because this moral code universal and objective, moral problems and moral conflicts can be solved trough proper moral reasoning.
Deontological vs. Teleological Approaches To Ethical Evaluation of The Human Conduct A C T I O N Motives/Intentions End of the Actor Means/Actions Itself End of the Act Consequences/ Result, Probable and actual Non-Consequentialist Consequentialist
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- Fall '15
- Ethics, moral principles, moral truth, Ethics and Philosophy, Universal moral truth