Additionally, the estate included 404 two-storied and 71 three-storied houses in South Philadelphia, a factory at 23rd and Ritner Streets, 400 acres of undeveloped land in the 26th, 29th, and 48 Wards, and four Power Houses.THE FARMERAlthough Girard remained active in banking until his death, as he aged he devoted increasingly more time to his farm. It was located in Passyunk Township, now south Philadelphia, and he called it the Places.26He bought this farm and farmhouse in 1797 from George Copper who obtained it through default from Henry Seckel. Seckel used this farm to introduce and grow Seckel pears. It consisted of two lots totaling 75 acres. The east wing of the farmhouse was built about 1750. Girard added the middle section in 1800 and the west wing in 1825. The final estate inventory shows that the farmhouse included a parlor, northwest chamber over the parlor, garret, common dining room, kitchen, washhouse loft, washhouse, seed room, milk house, combination smoke house, and greenhouse kitchen. The farm house still stands in Girard Park, where some of the College's alumni recently erected a statue of Stephen Girard. Apparently, Girard had more than one farm. Girard ran the farm efficiently and like his other business adventures, for a profit.27He hired a caretaker, increased the productivity of the orchard, added crops and cattle and marketed his products. As the years passed, he purchased nearby acres, and when he died he had accumulated 583 acres. He made frequent visits to the farm. He and his attorney, William Duane, spent many hours at the farmhouse composing Girard's famous Will. In 1830, the Horticulture Society of Pennsylvania recognized the farms forbeing among the best.28The report said that twenty acres of the farm were divided into an orchard and a vegetable farm and this acreage was enclosed by board fence. The orchard included Seckel pears, and other pear varieties imported from France and that the collection was "second to none in this country." They reported that Girard was one of the first to use turpentine 12
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and bandages to heal tree wounds. The garden included an acre and a half of fine vegetables, including America's first artichokes and a variety of imported grape vines. Fruits, lemons, mandarin oranges, and the only known citrons grown in this country, filled his greenhouse. Finally, the report shows that the farm was profuse with jasminion bushes, and 20 feet high Marseillaise fig trees, and included 13 horses, 18 oxen, and 28 pigs. In this century, the farms became the site of a federal housing project, a Government Depot, League Island (now Roosevelt) Golf Course, Girard Point Terminal, the Food Distribution Center and the Girard Estate homes.The Girard Estate homes were constructed over ten periods, between 1907 and 1916. In 1911, the Board reported that 281 new houses were completed in the South Philadelphia Girard Estate and that 54 others were being built. The library in the Girard Estate was built the following year. When the entire project was completed, it included 481 buildings. There were
Test, Second Bank of the United States, Stephen Girard, Marie Antoinette Girard
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