What is not clear is whether parliament took the

This preview shows page 45 - 52 out of 109 pages.

What is not clear is whether Parliament took the initiative and offered the crown to William and Mary, or did William invade England with the hope he would have the support of its Parliament and most of the people?Known as the Glorious Revolution , William came to the English throne as William IIIIn 1689 Parliament enacted and William accepted what is known as the English Bill of Rightswhich created a constitutional monarchy and established Parliament’s control of taxationThe Bill of Rights also guaranteed individual rights
Lecture 2: Colonial AmericaC. Religion and Politics in Colonial America
Lecture 2: Colonial AmericaC. Religion and Politics in Colonial AmericaWilliam IIIMary II
The idea that liberty was the birth right of all Englishmen, including those living in the colonies was beginning to take holdIn 1689 the citizens of Bostonrevolted and over through Governor AndrosIn New York, a Committee of Safety led by Jacob Leisler in 1689 seize control of New York and arrested the lieutenant governorLeisler would remain in control of New York until 1691 when royal troops and a new governor arrived to arrest and execute LeislerLecture 2: Colonial AmericaC. Religion and Politics in Colonial America
William III would restore the former charters except that of Plymouth which became part of MassachusettsIn Maryland, a group of Puritans in 1689 staged what has become known as the Protestant Revolutionand seized control of the colony from Lord Baltimore and outlawed CatholicismLord Baltimore would lose his proprietary charter and Maryland would become a royal colonyLecture 2: Colonial AmericaC. Religion and Politics in Colonial America
As the 17thcentury came to end the religious life of the American colonies was much more diverse than in England although tended to live in tightly-knit communitiesEach colony had an established church supported by taxes – there was no separation of church and state (see the 1stAmendment)In the colonies there was a growing toleration of the various Protestant denominations but this did not extend to Catholics and Jews who were barred from holding officeLecture 2: Colonial AmericaC. Religion and Politics in Colonial America
The most influential of the American Protestant denominations were the Puritanswho believed the Church of England retained too many elements of CatholicismThe Puritans adopted many of the teachings of John Calvinwho rejected the centralized authority of the Catholic Church in favor of “Congregationalism” which called for the church to be governed by the consent of the governed“Consent of the governed” would become a cornerstone of American democracyLecture 2: Colonial AmericaC. Religion and Politics in Colonial America
Because it was expected that Puritans would participate in the governing of their individual churches, the members were urged educate themselves by reading the Bible and listening to sermonsAnother aspect of Calvinism found in Puritanism is the concept of predestination – the idea that only a selected few have been selected by God for salvationLecture 2: Colonial AmericaC. Religion and Politics in Colonial America

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture