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At each stage, a cross-functional team of people (led by a project team leader) undertakes parallel activities designed to drive down the risk of a development project. Vital technical, market, and financial information are needed to make the decision to go or kill. In stage 1, the team does a quick investigation and conceptualization of the project. In stage 2, the team builds a business case that includes a defined product, its business justification, and a detailed plan of action for the next stages. In stage 3, the team begins the actual design and development of the product, including mapping out the manufacturing process, the market launch, and operating plans. The team also defines the test plans utilized in the next stage. In stage 4, the team conducts the verification and validation process for the proposed new product, and its marketing and production. At stage 5, the product is ready for launch, and full commercial production and selling commence. Gates act as the funnels that cull mediocre projects. Each gate has three components: 1.Deliverables: these are the results of the previous stage and are the inputs for the gate review 2.Criteria: these are the questions or metrics used to make the go/kill decision 3.Outputs:these are the results of the gate review process and may include a decision such as go, kill, hold, or recycle; outputs should also include an action plan for the dates and the deliverables of the next gate). Verspreiden niet toegestaan | Gedownload door Jaap Haemers ([email protected])lOMoARcPSD
Quality Function Development (QFD) – The House of Quality A process for improving the communication and coordination among engineering, marketing, and manufacturing personnel. It achieves this by taking managers through a problem-solving process in a very structured fashion. The House of Qualityis a matrix that maps customer requirements against product attributes. See for the steps page 245/246. The strength of the House of Quality is that it provides a common language and framework within which the members of a project team may interact. The House makes the relationship between product attributes and customer requirements very clear, it focuses on design trade-offs, it highlights the competitive shortcomings of the company’s existing products, and its helps identify what steps needs to be taken to improve them. Design for manufacturingAnother method of facilitating integration between engineering and manufacturing, and of bringing issues of manufacturability into the design process as early as possible, is the use of DFM methods. The use of such design rules is typically to reduce costs and boost product quality by ensuring that product designs are easy to manufacture.