Allah SWT mentioned in Surah Az Zumar verse 42 Allah takes the souls at the

Allah swt mentioned in surah az zumar verse 42 allah

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Allah SWT mentioned in Surah Az-Zumar verse 42, “Allah takes the souls at the time of their death, and those that do not die He takes during their sleep. Then He keeps those for which He has decreed death and releases the others for a specified term. Indeed in that are signs for a people who give thought,” (Ismail, 2004).
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FUNCTIONALISM BY WILLIAM JAMES 11 ___________________________________________________________________________ Pragmatism Pragmatism is similar to the motto, ‘the end justifies the means’. From the utilitarians’ point of view, this motto means that if the end is good for the general welfare of society, then the means to achieve that end is considered good even if it is bad in itself (Razak, 2017). In Islam, there can be no possible justifications for any crimes. Islam points out about repentance which is admitting one’s sin first, promising not to commit the sin again and giving people back their rights. This is the contradiction between Islam and ‘the end justifies the means’. The end within Islam is devotion in Allah SWT by following His commands and avoiding His prohibitions. Habit Islam has provided numerous guidelines on how to deal with food. These guidelines can be found in the Quran, the Hadiths and the Sunnah of the Prophet. Recently, the eating habits of early Muslims is considered as more than healthy and recommended. The reasons for this might be due to the consumption of a small amount of food, eating of nutritionally healthy fruits and oil, assumption of safe eating manners, rejection of animal carcass and blood, avoidance of alcohol and other toxic substances (Ahmed et al., 2017). These habits of eating help an individual to remain healthy wellbeing, be it mentally or physically. These habits not only makes life in this world better but also in the hereafter.
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FUNCTIONALISM BY WILLIAM JAMES 12 ___________________________________________________________________________ Conclusion According to Reck (1967), psychology as a science was not yet born when William James entered. Weber, Fechner, and Helmholtz could be cited as innovators and practitioners of quantitative, experimental methods in psychology and James himself contributed remarkably to the development of new science. James’ psychology was a comprehensive attempt to explain the mind in terms of evolution. Based on our own opinion, we accept and reject some of William James’ ideologies in functionalism. As for the theory of emotions, we accept it as we have experimented with the theory in class. We also accept William James’ ideas of habit as we believe that by habit it’s much easier for people to do one specific thing compared to other people who don’t have the habit. William James’ ideas of stream of consciousness and introspection are also really good to ponder at. We partially reject William James’ ideas on pragmatism and the three parts self as it is not really according to Islamic perspectives. Overall, through knowing functionalism
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FUNCTIONALISM BY WILLIAM JAMES 13 ___________________________________________________________________________ by William James we could solve some of the tangled puzzle of history and philosophy of modern psychology.
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FUNCTIONALISM BY WILLIAM JAMES 14 ___________________________________________________________________________ Reference Ahmed, I. A., Asiyanbi-Hammed T. T., Idris M. A., Mikail M. A., Hammed A. & Hammed A.
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