Hershey company produces 60 million Kisses per day Hershey became extremely rich and founded a city called Hershey in Pennsylvania where everything has a chocolate theme Chocolate received a major development during WWII o Chocolate was part of the ration of the GI due to high caloric content high concentration of fat and large amount of sugar o Problem during the war, especially in Pacific, is that it would get hot and chocolate would melt o US Army asked Hershey company to make a chocolate that would melt in the mouth but not in the hand, and also asked that it not taste too good so that soldiers would not spend time eating chocolate rather than fighting “taste a little better than a boiled potato” o Tropical Chocolate was developed by Hershey, but not very popular or widespread since people did not like it o US Army turned to Mars company to produce better-tasting chocolate o Had idea to coat chocolate in hard shell made of candy to contain melted chocolate o However, when it was very hot the chocolate would expand and break coating o Mars company went to Dr. Alfred Stern (1942) who was a Jewish refugee living in Montreal
o Asked him for a way to keep chocolate in shell o Idea was to blend air into chocolate prior to coating so that instead of crushing coating when expanding air bubbles would be crushed instead M&M chocolate M&Ms (1976) had different colours, but for 11 years there were no red ones o Was believed that the red dye used was carcinogenic o Red dye #2 is carcinogenic, but the dye that was used was red dye #40 which is not carcinogenic to test animals o Parents were still worried, so it was removed o In 1987 the red was reintroduced Other stories associated with colours of M&Ms o Rolling Stones in their contract asked that only brown M&Ms be in their dressing room o Aerosmith demanded only green (believed to be an aphrodisiac) in their contract o Reason was to make sure promoter had read full contract Standard M&Ms have different proportions of colours used in schools for statistics o Brown – 30%, red – 20%, orange – 10%, yellow – 20%, blue – 10%, green – 10% Cherry Blossom chocolate does not actually contain any chocolate butter made with vegetable fat, palm oil o Invertase is added In middle of chocolate there is a cherry surrounded by liquid which oozes out To do this, cherry is packed into sugar and in presence of enzyme invertase the sugar gets converted into invert sugar (mix of glucose and fructose) Small amount of water also packed in – invert sugar more soluble in water than sugar produces a gooey substance Godiva is a famous name of chocolate Big name in chocolate are the main ones produced from Criollo, etc Porcelana is a big name which comes from Venezuela, as well as Ocumare Most expensive chocolate in the world is wrapped in gold Activity: Fact or Myth?
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