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8 q18 although the earliest surviving greek

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Q18: Although the earliest surviving Greek inscriptions written in an alphabet date from the eighth century B.C., a strong case can be made that the Greeks actually adopted alphabetic writing at least two centuries earlier. Significantly, the text of these earliest surviving Greek inscriptions sometimes runs from right to left and sometimes from left to right. Now, the Greeks learned alphabetic writing from the Phoenicians, and in the process they would surely have adopted whatever convention the Phoenicians were then using with respect to the direction of writing. Originally, Phoenician writing ran in either direction, but by the eighth century B.C. it had been consistently written from right to left for about two centuries. In the argument given, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles? A. The first is the position that the argument seeks to establish; the second reports a discovery that has been used to support a position that the argument opposes. B. The first is the position that the argument seeks to establish; the second presents an assumption on which the argument relies. C. The first presents evidence that is used in support of the position that the argument seeks to establish; the second presents an assumption on which the argument relies. D. The first is an objection raised against a position that the argument opposes; the second is the position that the argument seeks to establish. E. The first is an objection raised against a position that the argument opposes; the second is evidence that has been used to support that position. Answer: ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Q19: A study by the Ocean Wildlife Campaign urged states to undertake a number of remedies to reverse a decline in the shark population, which includes the establishment of size limits for shark catches, closing state waters for shark fishing during pupping season, and requiring commercial fishers to have federal shark permits. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Q20: The first trenches that were cut into a 500-acre site at Tell Hamoukar, Syria, have yielded strong evidence for centrally administered complex societies in northern regions of the Middle East that were arising simultaneously with but independently of the more celebrated city-states of southern Mesopotamia, in what is now southern Iraq. 9
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A. that were cut into a 500-acre site at Tell Hamoukar, Syria, have yielded strong evidence for centrally administered complex societies in northern regions of the Middle East that were arising simultaneously with but B. that were cut into a 500-acre site at Tell Hamoukar, Syria, yields strong evidence that centrally administered complex societies in northern regions of the Middle East were arising simultaneously with but also C.
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