50%(2)1 out of 2 people found this document helpful
This preview shows page 46 - 57 out of 116 pages.
were diferent from each other, but opposite to what we consider “typical”This shows that these roles are based on cultural norms not biologically
+GenderGenderSocially constructed roles regarding what it means to be masculine or feminine in our societyGender RoleThe attitudes, behaviors, beliefs, and values associated with and expected of males and females
+Gender SchemaInformation that an individual has learned about gender (cognitive organization) Gender script AttentionMemory-easier encoding and retrieval
+Gender Schema TheoryChildren learn from their culture what it means to be male and female and they adjust their behavior accordinglyProposed that children’s intrinsic motication to aquire gender-consistent interests, values, and behavior emerges as soon as children can identify their own gender, sometime around age 3 Proposes that children first classify new objects and activities according to an in-group/out-group schema as “for boys” or “for girls”
+Gender IdentityDegree to which an individual sees herself or himself as feminine or masculine based on society’s definition of appropriate gender roles
+Social Learning TheoryChildren learn appropriate ‘gender’ behavior throughReinforcementPunishmentModeling/imitatingPink vs. blue
+Gender Similarities HypothesisArgues that males and females are similar on most, but not all, psychological variablesWhen diferences existMost are small, or close to zeroA few are moderateVery few are large Gender diferences hypothesis- men and women are completely diferent. Testing does not support this
+Meta-analysisStatistical method that aggregates research findingEfect sizesMeasures the magnitude of an efect across studies in a categoryTells us whether there’s a diference and if it’s a diference that is a meaningful diferenceResultsSupport for gender similarities hypothesis78% of efect sizes were small or close to zeroModerate diferences in aggressionLarge diferences in motor performance and sexualityTesting Gender similarity/diferences hypothesis
+Gender diferencesOver 50% of men report thinking about sex daily, women less than 20%Men report more arousal and fantasiesMen cause more fights about “not enough”Lesbians report less frequent sex (and sex thoughts)Women’s fantasies more with familiar, men with strangers/multiple partners
+Film: Science of Sex Appeal2/4/15
+Reading: (SOR) Q30: How long should I wait before sleeping with my partner?What determines whether a date is “good” or not is based on whether you had similar goals for the evening.