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This model also known as Lewin’s Force Field Analysis seeks to recognize factors that hinder change from taking place as well as those that promote change in an organization (Sutherland, 2015). According to Bozak, 2003, Lewin called these factors that oppose changes and those that promote change as restraining forces and driving forces respectively. The importance of understanding this concept of change is a catalyst for health care organizations to fully comprehend the different restraining and driving forces of change within their management and thus, work to eliminate the restraining forces whiles promoting the forces that will make change acceptable and successful (Bozak, 2003). Applying the first stage called the unfreezing stage to this research study emphasizes on understanding and dealing with the challenges and barriers that seeks to impede the proposed solution for the research problem whiles finding the right strategies to strengthen the implementation processes that will culminate the success of resolving the problem identified in the study participants (Sutherland, 2013). In this stage, key stakeholders and participants that will be impacted by this research will be identified. Importantly, the whole idea of the unfreezing stage relies on effectively communicating with research participants including the 120 sample of active duty military service members and behavioral health nurses to explain the importance of comparing psychotherapy and pharmacology treatments to find help for service members with suicidal tendencies. According to Sutherland, 2013, open communication creates a sense of trust and honesty; hence eliminating any form of resistance from study population. Some of the restraining forces that will be eliminated during this study include participant resistance to interview, inadequate time allotted to the interview process and lack of trust regarding sharing of confidential information.The moving stage also called the change stage involves the actual stage of implementing change. This is the stage where the driving forces are facilitated to support the planning and execution of the actual change (Bozak, 2003). The purpose of this study is to evaluate psychotherapy and pharmacotherapy treatment procedures to determine which one is effective for service members with suicidal thoughts. Finding an effective treatment intervention for suicide prevention in service members is an effective change that should be embraced by all stakeholders and participants during this study. Another strategy to ensure full implementation of this project is through participants’ commitment and timeliness to divulging information during the data collection process. Communication with health care managers,
behavioral nurses and participants would always be opened during the data collection and change implementation stage.