men (intimate terrorism violence) Gender (a)symmetry in partner violence It depends on the type of violence o Community survey samples: women are at least as likely, if not more, to use violence against men (common couple violence) o Shelter and Police Samples: nearly all victims are women; all perpetrators men (intimate terrorism) Why differentiate between types of violence Develop better theories about causes and consequences
17% of women and 3% of men are rape victims in their lifetime 44% of victims are under age 18 (80% are under age 30) 73% of sexual assaults are committed by a non-stranger, 28% are committed by an intimate Less than 50% of rapes are reported to police One in five college students in the US suffers an assault during college years Reactions to Assault Emotional Shock: calm, numb o Can lead people/officials to think that the assault was not serious or upsetting o Police are less likely to believe rape victims than other victims Embarrassment, shame, and guilt o Making them less likely to report the crime or discuss it with others Anxiety, fear, powerlessness o Less willing to stand up for themselves Post Traumatic Stress Syndrome (PTSD) Depression, confusion o Creates fogginess in memory Rape Myths Circumstances in which force is seen as more justifiable o Beliefs that in certain situations that the perpetrator of assault is justified in situation
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- Spring '08