Shank To reinforce the waist of the shoe a strip of metal or wood is placed in

Shank to reinforce the waist of the shoe a strip of

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Shank: To reinforce the waist of the shoe a strip of metal or wood is placed in between insole and sole. The metal shank is moulded as per the bottom shape of the last Back stiffener: A stiffening material is used to insert between lining and upper in seat portion to support the back of the shoe and to grip the foot as known as back stiffener. A stiffening material may be premoulded and shaped in case of machine lasting or simply inserted in case of hand lasting. S.No Properties Upper material Lining material 1 Strength properties such as Tensile strength and stitch-tear strength Good Good 2 Fastness as dry and wet-rub fastness Good (above 4 from grey scale reading) Very good (5 from grey scale reading) 3 Perspiration resistance Good Good 4 Light fastness Good (above 4 from xenon lamp test) Good (above 4 from xenon lamp test) 5 Flex endurance Good Good 6 Looseness No No but lightly 7 Grain crack strength Good Good but less 8 Selection Very good because visible Good but less visible 4
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7. Some image of shoe style: A) Men shoe images B). Ladies images footwear 5 Derby Albert Bar or Monk – single strap Bar or monk – double strap Boot Peep toe Bootee Sling back or Halter strap Sports shoe Moccasin Oxford
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Footwear images based on Heel model: Actually heels are four types – without heels, Low heels, Medium heels and High heels. In footwear industry generally called as knock-on cubain, scoop wedge, flared Louis, stiletto, semi-wedge, Louis, full wedge. But, due to fashion trends have many variation in heels height and bottom shape of footwear used in day today life 25 type of Heels 6 1. Kitten heels 2. Pump heels – known as high heels,2-3 inch height 3. Stilettos- highest height of high heels, up to 8 inches 4. Ankle Strap Heels- strap around the ankle position, its secure and comfortable
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7 5. Wedge heels - - there is no separation from the heel to the sole 6. Wedge sandal heels 7. Cone heels- heel shape look like cone shape 8. Sling back heels- unlike ankle straps the sling back heel just has a strap that goes around the back of the Achilles heel. 9. Platform heels- part of the shoe under the sole is thicker 10. High heels sandal- not like stilettos but from sandal
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8 11. Peep toe heels- open in toe portion, vairying height heels 12. Cork high heel cork material used to make them, vary in height and style, but material makes for a softer, more cushioned step. 13. High heeled bootee 14. Ankle booties 15. Spool heels- The heel is thicker at the sole of the foot, narrow in the middle, and then comes back out at the base. 16. Mules – open/ closed- of heel that comes up high over the top of the foot
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9 17. Ballroom dance shoes an enclosed back and ankle strap; ballroom dance shoes have lots of support 18. Cut out heels type of heel that has a portion of the upper cut out for effect.
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  • Spring '14
  • Onyancha PhD

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