64. How did Southern and Northern settlers of the Old Northwest differ?
The two settlers differed first off in their goals for the western regions. The southern "Butternuts"were looking to set up a democratic society free from the rich plantation owners that kept them from owning land and African Americans. The Northern Yankees tried to set up a society that would be profitable for the Eastern seaboard states they left behind. The Yankees strongly supported building public schools, roads, canals, and railroads in the west, all of which were to be funded by taxes. The southerners opposed these especially public schooling because they did want their children to be northernized. In terms of religion, the Yankees were Congregationalists and Presbyterians and wanted well educated ministers. The Butternuts wereprimarily Baptist and Methodist and preferred preacher-farmers because they were in tune with the lord and the people. The effects of these differences were seen even after the contrasts began to fade and the people united. During civil war the former butternut areas sympathized with the confederates and became key military points for the south. Even later on these areas became strongholds for the Ku Klux Klan.65. Explain Marshall's statement, "Let the end be legitimate,...are constitutional." Marshall was basically using a loose interpretation of the Constitution (i.e. the Elastic Clause). He felt that as long as the government is not infringing the people’s natural rights and was acting only to benefit the people, then the government is justified in making decisions on topics that are not specifically mentioned in the Constitution. He is saying that they have the consent ofthe governed to act for their benefit and that the Constitution was made flexible for a reason. Marshall’s statement explains his philosophy that if it’s not directly unconstitutional and is to the benefit of the people, then it’s okay (and is “constitutional”).66. "John Marshall was the most important Federalist since George Washington." Assess. John Marshall shaped American constitutional law and made the Supreme Court a center of power. Furthermore, Marshall made several important decisions relating to Federalism, shaping the balance of power between the federal government and the states during the early years of the republic. What this statement means is that John Marshall and his decisions gave the Supreme Court its powers and greatly strengthened the Federal government, giving it to, sometimes, overrule the state governments. John Marshall was an important Federalist because he made many rulings that strengthened the Federal government.67. Who was more important to American territorial expansion, Andrew Jackson or John Quincy Adams? Both Andrew Jackson and John Quincy Adams were very important in American territorial expansion. Andrew Jackson, however, seemed to be more active in his quest for land. With the many revolutions taking place in South America, Spain was forced to take many of its troops outof Florida Andrew Jackson went into Florida saying he would punish the Indians and recapture the runaways who were hiding away in Spanish Florida. He did this, but captured St. Marks and
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