Dsouthern states exerted immense pressure to add

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d.Southern states exerted immense pressure to add Texas to the Union, with the hopes that it would become a slave territory.
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e. Correct answer. In the 1944 presidential election, expansionist Democrats—not Whigs —won the day in the election of Polk, who saw his victory as a mandate to annex Texas. Question 7 a.Manifest Destiny was America’s self-professed, self-ordained mission to spread democracy beyond its borders, not slavery within them. b. From the earliest, U.S. leaders wanted to eliminate encroachment by and influence from foreign elements within its borders that might compromise the fledgling republic, but that was not what was being described by Manifest Destiny. c. Correct answer. Manifest Destiny was Americans’ sense of mission in the 1840s and 1850s that God had ordained them to spread their democratic institutions across the U.S. and potentially into South America d.American leaders did seek to become a commercial nation and world power, but that was not what was being described in the term Manifest Destiny. e. The popular 1846 phrase, “Fifty-four forty or fight,” was not coined by Clay, although it did attempt to justify pushing the British further back into Canada. Question 8 a.Correct answer. Polk had sought resolution with Britain without bloodshed and proposed a boundary line of 49°. Initially, the British refused, but by 1946, they were ready to accept the offer. Annoyed, Polk asked the Senate to decide, and they approved the offer and treaty that followed. b. Americans increasingly settled the region, vastly overwhelming the British population there. Initially, the British considered the Columbia River a vital chess piece; they later backed away from that position and moved toward finding peaceful compromises. c.Polk wanted to adhere to his 1844 campaign promise of the 54° 40' line, but ultimately felt he had to go along with the proposed the compromise line of 49° that his predecessors had devised.
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d.In 1819, the two nations agreed to jointly occupy the region of Oregon. By the 1840s, increasing numbers of American pioneers moved into the region, unsettling the British and forcing a boundary to be determined. e.Canadian insurrectionists rose up and attacked the British in 1837; Americans supported the insurrectionists in an effort to push the British back. Question 9 a. Polk’s thirst to purchase California added to the existing tensions with Mexico, which began with Texas’ independence and possible U.S. annexation. b. Correct answer. Rumors were rampant that Britain had offered to buy—or would likely seize—California, and caused President Polk a great deal of concern. c. The boundary between Texas and Mexico had been set at the Nueces River as far back as the era of Spanish Mexican occupation. But Texans, seeking to widen their territory, were now claiming a boundary further south at the Rio Grande. Polk stood with Texas on this and was prepared to defend it after Texas became part of the U.S.
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