Council of national defense o is a group of advisors

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Council of National Defense o Is a group of advisors, some come from government and some are corporate leaders. Working together to try to figure out how to get the economy on the right track for war. War Industries Board o Responsible for managing the war. Food Administration, Herbert Hoover(Beneficial) o Need to not only manage war but also increase in food production. o Hoover is director of food administration Encourages farmers to grow more Coordinates shipping of food to European countries, both before and after. o Most successful government organization. o Last longer than the war. o Post work by sending food to European countries to feed the people after the war. Emergency Fleet Corporation o Supposed to be a government managed, that oversaw shipping (goods, passengers) not just military. o Get all shipping companies to work together to make war economy more efficient o Make it more coordinated o Problem was: No one wanted to coordinate and cooperate More of a competition Made it less effective Why this organization did not work, corporations only cared about hurting competition. War Labor Board
o Greater demand for workers, wages go up o Board designed to arbitrate disputed against workers and management. o Helps keeping workers going on strike, especially during the war effort Workers to go war labor board to try and settle the problem without the workers going on strike. o End up getting better wages, better working conditions. At least the length of the war. after war, the war labor war was not in effect o Helped out companies that was involved in the war effort, like making tanks and weapons and uniforms and such(didn’t want the workers to go on strike and the stuff not get produced and company not able to keep contract.) o Board helped gained more security for corporations because workers would stay Would give up some wages and other things in order to keep the workers II. Americanism at War: - 42,000 new millionaires came about during the war time economy. -After war goes away profit goes away. -Corporate leaders were better off after war, but workers went back to not making much money Increased the gap of wealth. -Period of civil unrest. A. 100% Americanism -Hyper patriotism, American identity as this unique thing. Every hyphen in someone’s title is a dagger in the heart of American society (hyphen in title: Italian- American, African-American, German-American, etc.) Committee on Public Information o Headed by Georgia Creel; newspaper man o -during war it was hard to get people to participate in war efforts when war is overseas o Made to keep the American people in favor for the war, keeping their interest. o Coordinated things like liberty bonds(to help the war effort by donating money) o Hired Hollywood actors to go and sell liberty bonds at big events o Recruited 4 minute men "Four-Minute" Men o Go around to schools and meetings and stuff and give a four minute speech about the war effort, how to help the soldiers, how to get involved.

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