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Council of National DefenseoIs a group of advisors, some come from government and some are corporate leaders. Working together to try to figure out how to get the economy on the right track for war.War Industries BoardoResponsible for managing the war.Food Administration, Herbert Hoover(Beneficial)oNeed to not only manage war but also increase in food production.oHoover is director of food administrationEncourages farmers to grow moreCoordinates shipping of food to European countries, both before and after.oMost successful government organization.oLast longer than the war.oPost work by sending food to European countries to feed the people after the war.Emergency Fleet CorporationoSupposed to be a government managed, that oversaw shipping (goods,passengers) not just military.oGet all shipping companies to work together to make war economy more efficientoMake it more coordinatedoProblem was:No one wanted to coordinate and cooperateMore of a competitionMade it less effectiveWhy this organization did not work, corporations only cared about hurting competition.War Labor Board
oGreater demand for workers, wages go upoBoard designed to arbitrate disputed against workers and management.oHelps keeping workers going on strike, especially during the war effortWorkers to go war labor board to try and settle the problem without the workers going on strike.oEnd up getting better wages, better working conditions. At least the length of the war.after war, the war labor war was not in effectoHelped out companies that was involved in the war effort, like making tanks and weapons and uniforms and such(didn’t want the workers togo on strike and the stuff not get produced and company not able to keep contract.)oBoard helped gained more security for corporations because workers would stayWould give up some wages and other things in order to keep the workersII. Americanism at War:-42,000 new millionaires came about during the war time economy.-After war goes away profit goes away.-Corporate leaders were better off after war, but workers went back to not making much moneyIncreased the gap of wealth.-Period of civil unrest.A. 100% Americanism-Hyper patriotism, American identity as this unique thing. Every hyphen in someone’s title is a dagger in the heart of American society (hyphen in title: Italian- American, African-American, German-American, etc.)Committee on Public InformationoHeaded by Georgia Creel;newspaper mano-during war it was hard to get people to participate in war efforts when war is overseasoMade to keep the American people in favor for the war, keeping their interest.oCoordinated things like liberty bonds(to help the war effort by donating money)oHired Hollywood actors to go and sell liberty bonds at big eventsoRecruited 4 minute men"Four-Minute" MenoGo around to schools and meetings and stuff and give a four minute speech about the war effort, how to help the soldiers, how to get involved.