end segregation in public facilities. City Commissioner Eugene "Bull" Conner banned protests & raised bail bond for those arrested (200-1500). Initial arrests –50 April 12th(including King who writes "Letter from Birmingham Jail") & children's crusade May 3 1k+ arrested. Police tactics (jail is full) - fire hoses & dogs. Victory - agree to desegregate locally, national & presidential attention "events can't be ignored" 11. Selma to Montgomery Marches –campaign 4 voting rights 3k arrested in Selma by Feb '65. 3 marches –March 7th"Bloody Sunday" 600 unarmed marchers attacks w/ clubs & tear gas on Edmund Pettis bridge, March 15thJohnson "sending federal Voting Rights Act of 1965," & March 21st25k people completed the march. 12. Baby Boomers –76.4 mil born 1946-1964. College attendance rose from 1.5 mil in 1950 to 3.6 mil in 1960. Responsible for society today. 13. Suburbs –picture of domestic comfort. Demand 4 new homes, cars & roads accelerated growth. 1960 37/189 mil lived in suburbs to move away from problems in urban areas. Father was head of household w/ multiple children & attention to each. Mom stayed at home and devoted her life to housework and rearing children. Everyone conforms to society. 14. Great Society –Johnson's domestic program 64-68 to improve the poverty, education, & civil rights with aid to the middle class. Programs included Medicare for elderly and Medicaid for young through The Medical Care Act, food stamps for all, preschool head start, and the corporation of public broadcasting for educational television. 15. Counterculture –1960's Heirs to the beat rejected middle class lifestyles and values. They were less political and more cultural "hippies." Sex was open, drugs included weed & LSD, rock n roll was more
16. Watergate –June 17, 1972 Nixon, who records everything, leads 5 CREEP members to break into democratic HQ. On June 23, Nixon bribes the burglars to keep quiet. In Jan. 1973, one implied that higher-ups were involved. In April 1974, Nixon releases the edited tapes. He resigned August 8th. Potential Essay Questions: 1.What were the major causes and events of the Cold War between the United States and the Soviet Union? Be sure to discuss the origins and course of the “war” with respect to both foreign and domestic affairs.