Chapter 15.We are most familiar with __________ deviance, based on a person’s intentional or inadvertent actions. For example, a person may engage in intentional deviance by drinkingtoo much or robbing a bank, or in inadvertent deviance by losing money in a Las Vegas casino or laughing at a funeral.a.socialb.culturalc.behaviorald.universalAnswer: cPage: 166LO:16.Deviant behavior varies in its degree of seriousness, ranging from mild transgressions of folkways, to more serious infringements of mores, to quite serious violations of the law. A __________ is a behavior that violates criminal law and is punishable with fines, jail terms,and/or other negative sanctions.a.stigmab.deviant actc.crime d.cultural strainAnswer: cPage: 168LO:17.__________ refers to a violation of law or the commission of a status offense (such as cutting school or running away from home) by young people.a.Juvenile delinquencyb.Truancyc.Youthful misconductd.CrimeAnswer: aPage: 169LO:18.Societies also have various mechanisms to regulate people’s behavior. __________ refersto the systematic practices that social groups develop in order to encourage conformity to norms, rules, and laws and to discourage deviance.a.Social retaliationb.Social emphasisc.Social controld.Social devianceAnswer: cPage: 170LO:2199
Chapter 19.__________ social control takes place through the socialization process. Individuals observe societal norms and values that prescribe how people should behave and then follow those norms and values in their everyday lives.a.Externalb.Interiorc.Exteriord.InternalAnswer: dPage: 168LO:210.__________ involves the use of negative sanctions that proscribe certain behaviors and set forth the punishments for rule breakers and nonconformists.a.Interior social controlb.External social controlc.Internal social controld.Exterior social controlAnswer: bPage: 168LO:211.In contemporary societies, the criminal justice system, which includes the police, the courts, and the prisons, is the primary mechanism of __________ social control.a.externalb.interiorc.internald.exteriorAnswer: aPage: 168LO:2, 412.__________ is the systematic study of crime and the criminal justice system, including thepolice, courts, and prisons.a.Sociologyb.Ecologyc.Criminologyd.EthnomethodologyAnswer: cPage: 168LO:413.Sociologist __________ believed that deviance is rooted in societal factors such as rapid social change and lack of social integration among people. As social integration (bonding and community involvement) decreased, deviance and crime increased.a.Robert Mertonb.Edwin Sutherlandc.Walter Recklessd.Emile DurkheimAnswer: dPage: 169LO:714.According to contemporary functionalist theorists, deviance is universal. Which of the 200
Chapter 1following functions does deviance notserve?