a Deviance b Crime c Stigma d Violence Answer a Page 166 LO1 198 Chapter 1 5 We

A deviance b crime c stigma d violence answer a page

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a. Deviance b. Crime c. Stigma d. Violence Answer: a Page: 166 LO:1 198
Chapter 1 5. We are most familiar with __________ deviance, based on a person’s intentional or inadvertent actions. For example, a person may engage in intentional deviance by drinking too much or robbing a bank, or in inadvertent deviance by losing money in a Las Vegas casino or laughing at a funeral. a. social b. cultural c. behavioral d. universal Answer: c Page: 166 LO:1 6. Deviant behavior varies in its degree of seriousness, ranging from mild transgressions of folkways, to more serious infringements of mores, to quite serious violations of the law. A __________ is a behavior that violates criminal law and is punishable with fines, jail terms, and/or other negative sanctions. a. stigma b. deviant act c. crime d. cultural strain Answer: c Page: 168 LO:1 7. __________ refers to a violation of law or the commission of a status offense (such as cutting school or running away from home) by young people. a. Juvenile delinquency b. Truancy c. Youthful misconduct d. Crime Answer: a Page: 169 LO:1 8. Societies also have various mechanisms to regulate people’s behavior. __________ refers to the systematic practices that social groups develop in order to encourage conformity to norms, rules, and laws and to discourage deviance. a. Social retaliation b. Social emphasis c. Social control d. Social deviance Answer: c Page: 170 LO:2 199
Chapter 1 9. __________ social control takes place through the socialization process. Individuals observe societal norms and values that prescribe how people should behave and then follow those norms and values in their everyday lives. a. External b. Interior c. Exterior d. Internal Answer: d Page: 168 LO:2 10. __________ involves the use of negative sanctions that proscribe certain behaviors and set forth the punishments for rule breakers and nonconformists. a. Interior social control b. External social control c. Internal social control d. Exterior social control Answer: b Page: 168 LO:2 11. In contemporary societies, the criminal justice system, which includes the police, the courts, and the prisons, is the primary mechanism of __________ social control. a. external b. interior c. internal d. exterior Answer: a Page: 168 LO:2, 4 12. __________ is the systematic study of crime and the criminal justice system, including the police, courts, and prisons. a. Sociology b. Ecology c. Criminology d. Ethnomethodology Answer: c Page: 168 LO:4 13. Sociologist __________ believed that deviance is rooted in societal factors such as rapid social change and lack of social integration among people. As social integration (bonding and community involvement) decreased, deviance and crime increased. a. Robert Merton b. Edwin Sutherland c. Walter Reckless d. Emile Durkheim Answer: d Page: 169 LO:7 14. According to contemporary functionalist theorists, deviance is universal. Which of the 200
Chapter 1 following functions does deviance not serve?

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