Resistance to chang bogos involvement in the highest

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Resistance to Chang Bogo’s involvement in the highest circles of politics and society might have something to do with Silla’s “bone rank” system. Merchants like Chang could amass wealth and in turn sociopolitical prestige, but this wealth ultimately could not gain entry into the highest “bone ranks” 4) Queen Sŏndŏk (632-647) WHO: One first legitimate female rulers in East Asian history 27th monarch of Silla “generous, benevolent, wise, and smart” WHAT: Laid foundation for the unification of Silla Tang dyansty: Anti-Sondok WHEN: 632-647 WHERE: Silla (monarch) SIGNIFICANCE undertook a major relief campaign on behalf of frail commoners in the countryside -> 민생 안정정책 coordinated efforts to find a solution to the constant barrage of attacks from the other two peninsular kingdoms -> 고구려 / 백제의 끊임없는 침략에 맞서려 고군분투 Emphasized Buddhism, Science & culture (which solidified the ills state and military power through the peninsular supremacy and achieved an early peak in relationship b/w Korean political and social power) -> 불교 , 과학 , 문화 발전에 기여 5) Ch’oe Ch’iwŏn (867-? ) WHO: archetype of the Confucian scholar official 6th head rank-- lowest rank in the bone rank system Works: “Ten-Point Policy Recommendation” , chronicle of his observations while in the service of the Tang emperor → Scholarly expertise from Buddhism and Confucianism to poetry
example of the constraints to talent imposed by the Silla social hierarchy Traveled to China to study at 12, passed Tang civil service examination and achieved renown scribe and advisor to the Tang official in charge of putting down a major rebellion before turning 20 BUT blocked from promotion possibilities and policy implementation due to Silla ’s sociopolitical hierarchy & withdrew from the capital to take provincial posts and eventually to retire to the haven of a Buddhist temple 인재였으나 골품제도때문에 진골들의 사회에서 살아남을 수 없었음 . 따라서 관직을 버리고 사라짐 6) Parhae ( 발해 ) (698-926) WHO: Dae Jo Yeong WHERE: Stretched from the Northern part of the Korean peninsula to Manchuria -> 한반도 북쪽에서부터 만주까지 걸쳐서 건립됨 . Only the ruling elites are the descendants of Koguryo, the rest people are of various ethnicities -> 소수 지배세력만 고구려후손 , 대다수의 백성들은 다양한 지방에서 모임 . Malgal or Koguryo? Still debated on whether if Parhae is “Korean” 7) Later Three Kingdoms ( 후고구려 , 후백제 , 신라 ) After Silla unified the Korean peninsula, the kingdom enjoyed its heyday for about a century. As time went by, however, the power of Silla gradually weakened, rendering itself vulnerable to a number of unquellable uprisings throughout the country. Kyon Hwon (Latter Baekje) and Kungye (Latter Koguryo) were the main insurgents who gained much power to establish their own countries : Latter Koguryo, Latter Paekche -> 신라의 삼국통일후 신라는 약 100 여년간 태평성대를 누림 . 하지만 시간이 지나고 신라의 힘이 쇠약해지자 한반도 곳곳에서 여러 반란이 일어남 . 견훤 ( 후백제 ), 궁예 ( 후고구려 ) 의 세력이 가장 셈 .

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