Trumpets trombones woodwinds saxophones the rhythm

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Trumpets, Trombones, Woodwinds (saxophones), the rhythm section: piano, bass drums and sometimes guitar Early Jazz New Orleans 1. Who created the first Jazz band? Buddy Bolden 2. What was the primary instrumentation for early jazz N.O? banjo/guitar, tuba, trumpet, trombone, clarinet, piano and drum 3. What kind of activities took place in Congo Square? Before 1800, African American slaves gathered on Sunday afternoons in an open field (“place Congo”) at the back of town where they would set up a market, sing, dance, and play music. This interaction helped maintain a musical heritage and social cohesion in the African American community. Today Congo square is known as a symbol of the early African American contributions to the origins of Jazz and other musical forms. 4. Attributes? Everybody is playing at the same time, sounds busy, collective improvisation, poor recording qualities 5. Prominent Figure: Original Dixieland Jazz Band, Buddy Bolden Early Jazz Chicago 1. Attributes? Individual soloist (esp. trumpet is prominent), bass replaces tuba, piano replaces banjo/guitar, second trumpet added, song form becomes more
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  • Fall '07
  • D
  • Duke Ellington, Buddy Bolden

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