Lenin leninism history moves through voluntarism ie

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Lenin: Leninism History moves through voluntarism, i.e. people voluntarily make choices to push history forward. The Communist Party is needed to push history forward. Lenin developed the party as: o Elitist, membership organization (apply to join), small o Professional, full time work o Secret o Party will become the "vanguard of the proletariat." After the revolution, the party will provide leadership and control the government. It will exercise "dictatorship of the proletariat." Because capitalism is international (through imperialism), the struggle to push history forward is international. o Colonies are exploited to generate super profits to "bribe" the domestic working class. o Colonies are the "soft underbelly" of world capitalism, and can overthrow imperialism and progress rapidly to socialism and communism. 3. Goals of Communism If out of power o push society forward towards next stage (generally socialism) o peacefully (Mensheviks) or by revolution (Bolsheviks) If in power o Establish and consolidate socialism, move to communism o Dictatorship of the (vanguard of the) proletariat o Social Control (exercised by government, communist party) over economy 4. Textbook: Why didn’t Communism work (particularly in the Soviet Union)? Standard of living was inadequate compared with the West Inefficiencies and shortages occurred as production was determined by the central government not consumers. There was a lack of individual incentives. Communism destroyed incentives – no profit motive. There was a popular distrust of government and cynicism. There was an absence of political and economic freedoms. There are now more socialists than traditional/pure communists. Even the CPUSA tends to be more socialist than communist. Take a look at the Communist Party of the United States at http://www.cpusa.org/ . 9
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Power, Authority, and Exchange – ISS 225 Ideology VI.Fascism A. Introduction Fascism is a modern political ideology that seeks to regenerate the social, economic, and cultural life of a country by basing it on a heightened sense of national belonging or ethnic identity. Fascism rejects liberal ideas such as freedom and individual rights, and often presses for the destruction of elections, legislatures, and other elements of democracy. Despite the idealistic goals of fascism, attempts to build fascist societies have led to wars and persecutions that caused millions of deaths. As a result, fascism is strongly associated with right-wing fanaticism, racism, totalitarianism, and violence. The term fascism was first used by Italian dictator Benito Mussolini in 1919. The term comes from the Italian word fascio , which means “union” or “league.” It also refers to the ancient Roman symbol of power, the fasces , a bundle of sticks bound to an ax, which represented civic unity and the authority of Roman officials to punish wrongdoers.
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