Plessy argued that Louisianas law mandating racial segregation on its trains

Plessy argued that louisianas law mandating racial

This preview shows page 27 - 29 out of 31 pages.

Plessy argued that Louisiana’s law mandating racial segregation on its trains was an unconstitutional infringement on both the privileges and immunities guaranteed by the Fourteenth Amendment and its equal protection clause. Legal Standards: The Supreme Court disagreed with Plessy; the majority in the case upheld state-imposed racial segregation. They based their decision on the separate-but-equal-doctrine. De jure vs. de facto segregation. De facto segregation: government-imposed segregation. Example: government assignment of whites to one school and blacks to another within the same community. De jure segregation: segregation that is not the result of government influence. Example: racial segregation resulting from residential patterns. De jure segregation was upheld in the Plessy v. Ferguson case, and was dismantled in the Brown v. Board of Education case. Civil Rights Movement. Rosa Parks and Martin Luther King, Jr. Rosa Parks: Rosa Parks was a black woman living in Montgomery, Alabama where blacks were required to sit in the back of the bus while whites saturated in the front, both races converging as the bus filled with passengers. In December 1955, Parks boarded a city bus on her way home from work and took an available seat in the front of the bus; she refused to give up her seat when the driver asked her to do so. Martin Luther King, Jr.: Martin Luther King, Jr. was a twenty-six year-old Baptist minister who led the Montgomery Bus Boycott which led to an end of segregated transportation systems. Civil Rights Acts of 1964. 27
Image of page 27

Subscribe to view the full document.

Entitled all persons to “the full and equal enjoyment” of goods, services, and privileges in places of public accomodation, without discrimination on the grounds of race, color, religion, or national origin [the inclusion of “national origin” or place of birth would set in motion plans for immigration reform the following year]. Established the right to equality in employment opportunities. Strengthened voting rights legislation. Created the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission [EEOC] and charged it with hearing and investigating complaints of job discrimation. Provided that funds could be withheld from federally assisted programs administered in a discriminatory manner. Voting Rights Acts of 1965. Empowered the attorney general to send voter registration supervisors to areas in which fewer than half the eligible minority voters had been registered. This act has been credited with doubling black voter registration in the South in only five years. Fair Housing Act of 1968. Banned discrimination in the renal and sale of most housing. 24th Amendment. Banned poll taxes in primary and general elections for national office. Native American citizenship (when did it happen? How were Native Americans seen by the national government before citizenship?) Native Americans: Received citizenship in 1924.
Image of page 28
Image of page 29
  • Spring '17
  • Government, United States Congress, ​ immunity

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern

Ask Expert Tutors You can ask 0 bonus questions You can ask 0 questions (0 expire soon) You can ask 0 questions (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes