Jumong prince of puyo founder king kwanggaeto ulchi

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Jumong (prince of Puyo) = founder, King Kwanggaeto, Ulchi MundokKoguryo people are believed to be a blend of Puyo (leadership) and Yemaek people (developed from a league of various Yemaek tribes to an early state)One of the Three Kingdoms of Korea (large militaristic powerful kingdom)Highly stratified society with a powerful and wealthy aristocracy (martial = ruling)Northern and Central Korean peninsula, southern Manchuria, southern Russian maritime province)Moved capital to Pyongyang of Korea (cementing its standing as center of Korean civilization)Representative of Korea (geography, military prowess, cultural achievements, political and religious authority), refused to budge in face of threats to ppeninsular autonomy (unlike Silla)Defeated by Silla-Tang alliance and divided among Unified Silla, Parhae, TangChina claims Koguryo to give legitimacy to their territoryKing Kwanggaeto = ? ? ? ? ?  (r. 391 – 413 CE)“Great Expander of Kingdom”, the nineteenth monarch of KoguryoStele talks above beginning of Koguryo and Kwanggaeto’s achievementsoHistorical dispute: 1. Japan (Wa) raiders conquered Koguryo, Paekche, and Silla (Japan’s justification for conquering Korea later) 2. Koguryo kicked out Japan and invaded Paekche and Silla (Korean peninsula and Manchuria belongs to Korea naturally)Regarded by Koreans as one of the greatest heroes of their history and often taken as a potent symbol of Korean nationalismMade Koguryo a major power of east Asia again, major expansion and loose unification of the Three Kingdoms (Silla + Paekche)Ulchi Mundok= ? ? ? ?  (Fl. mid 6thc. - 7thc.)Noted military leader, Battle of Salsu River (612), present day Choongchon RiveroUlchi Mundok built a dam and reduced 300,000 (1 million?) Chinese Sui troops to 2,700. Koguryo eventually became victor of the Koguryo-Sui War (Sui replaced by Tang thereafter)Often numbered among the greatest heroes in Korena military history, he defended Koguryo against the Sui Chinese in the Battle of Salsu River
Silla= ? ?  (57 BCE – 935 CE)Park Hyokkose (founder), Queen Sondok, Chang PogoBegan as a chiefdom (Chinhan) in the Samhan confederacies, later handed over power to its successor dynasty, KoryoRelative gender equality (Queen Sondok), Hwarang, Hwabaek council, trade, science, literature, BuddhismoTechnological and cultural achievement (Buddhism and astronomy)Unified Silla defeated Kaya and with assistance from Tang, Koguryo and Paekche“Betrayal of nation” by turning to Chinese for internal Korean issue, destroying representative of Korea (Koguryo) setting precedent of foreign dependence Bone-Rank System= ? ? ? ?Hallowed Bones (Queen Sondok and Chindok), True Bones (Muyol = Kim Ch’un Ch’u), Head Ranks 6-1 (Ch’oe Chiwon)System of aristocratic rank used to segregate society and particularly the layers of the aristocracy, on the basis of their hereditary proximity to the throne and the level of authority they were permitted to wieldBased on parentage (rank of lower parent), the rank had rigid identifications (clothes, tools, etc.) and laws

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